Before proceeding to delve into the meaning of the term digital divide, it is necessary to know in advance the etymological origin of the two words that shape it. In this case, we can underline the following:
-Brecha is a noun that comes from French, specifically “bréche”. This can be translated as "broken" and it is considered that, in turn, it comes from the Germanic "breham".
-Digital, on the other hand, has its etymological origin in Latin. It is considered that it comes from “digitalis”, which means “relative to the finger” and that is the result of the sum of two components: the noun “digitus”, which is synonymous with “finger”, and the suffix “-al”, which It is used to express "relative to".
To know what a digital divide , it is convenient to analyze the terms that make up the expression. Is called gap to one opening or one separation . Digital , meanwhile, refers to the system or the element that contains information expressed through the use of discrete signals .
The idea of digital divide, in this framework, is used to refer to the distance between social groups regarding access and use of information and communication technologies (TIC ).
The digital divide can be caused by economic, social or geographical issues , to cite some possibilities. When this gap exists, there is a group of people who can access and use the technological tools regularly, while another group has no such possibility. This digital divide generates a inequality of opportunities : no access to technology , it is not possible to use the information to generate new knowledge.
It is common for the digital divide to be measured with respect to the connection to Internet . Suppose, in a country X , he 76% of the population connects at least once a day to the Internet, while in a nation AND the connection is barely 18% Of the inhabitants. As you can see, there is a huge difference between the two countries: that is the digital divide between the two.
He State , through public politics , must work to eliminate the digital divide and democratize the access and use of TIC . Reducing the digital divide also means a reduction in inequalities in general, allowing more people to learn and find better jobs, for example.
It is important to work on the elimination of the digital divide because it is considered that new technologies bring many advantages, among which we can highlight the following:
-Give the possibility of communicating with any corner of the world quickly and easily.
-They offer access to multiple sources of knowledge.
-They become an ideal tool to be able to have the desired training.
-They are a great resource to work from home.
-They also offer the possibility to buy and sell anywhere on the planet.
-Not less relevant is that they are a great alternative when it comes to having assistance and surveillance at home when you are sick or have a disability.
-They are an inexhaustible source of entertainment.