The dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) recognize three meanings of the term psychomotor skills . The first one mentions the ability to move Born in the psyche. The second refers to integrate psychic and motor functions , while the third is oriented to the techniques that allow to coordinate these functions.
The concept of psychomotor skills, therefore, is associated with various sensorimotor, emotional and cognitive faculties of the person that allow you to perform successfully within a context. The education , the prevention and the therapy they are tools that can be used to shape the psychomotor skills of an individual and contribute to the evolution of their personality .
The term that concerns us must be stressed that it was used for the first time in the early twentieth century and more specifically who coined and used it was the neurologist Ernest Dupré who used it to refer to how various anomalies or problems at the psychic and mental level bring consequences on the motor apparatus of a person.
An idea from which other scientists and medical scholars started, as was the case of Frenchman Henri Wallon. What he did was to highlight the importance that the movement has in the child, since he is the one who will get it to develop perfectly on a psychic level.
It can be said that psychomotricity has as interest the development of expression, creativity and mobility capabilities from the use of the body. His techniques try to exert a positive influence on the action that occurs intentionally, with the aim of encouraging or modifying it according to the activity of the body.
It is, in short, a conception of integral characteristics about the individual that combines the motor skills with the Psyche so that the human being I managed to adapt successfully to the environment. It is possible to distinguish between various scopes of psychomotor activity, which derive in currents or disciplines such as clinical psychomotor skills (focused on people with problems in their evolution, proposing treatments through the use of the body) and the educational psychomotor skills (which takes place in the school stage and is aimed at healthy people to encourage their development through game and physical activity).
In addition to all of the above, it must be made clear that there are several psychomotor disorders that can be seen basically in children. Among the most important are the following:
Motor weakness This disorder affects the little one in both his psychic and motor area as well as in the emotional and sensory areas. Among the most frequent symptoms are the clumsiness of movements, stuttering and the one who cannot relax the muscles voluntarily.
Motor instability. Troubled children, poorly adapted, with school failure and with attention problems are those who most often suffer from this disorder that prevents them from controlling their movements and their emotionality.
Maturation delays Dependence, passivity or a childish attitude are some of the hallmarks of those who suffer from them.
Tonic-motor dysarmonias. Among them are paratonia (the child is not able to relax) or syncinesia (the child makes involuntary movements).