The word abortion It comes from the Latin abortus, which in turn derives from the term aborior. This concept was used to refer to the opposite of orior, that is, the opposite to be born . Therefore, abortion is the disruption of the development of the fetus during pregnancy , when it has not yet reached twenty weeks. Once this time has passed, the termination of pregnancy before delivery is called preterm birth .
Simply put, abortion involves terminating pregnancy, preventing the fetus from developing and a child being born. For example: “The singer confessed that, when she was young, she underwent an abortion”, “The Church ratified its firm condemnation of abortion”, "Justice authorized abortion to the girl raped by her stepfather".
There are two types of abortions: spontaneous or natural , and the induced . Miscarriage occurs when a fetus is lost due to natural causes. Statistics indicate that between 10% and 50% of pregnancies end because of a natural abortion, which is usually conditioned by Health and the mother's age.
He induced abortion On the other hand, it is that provoked on purpose with the objective of eliminating the fetus, either with or without medical assistance. It is estimated that about 46 million women a year resort to this practice worldwide. Of that total, about 20 million practice unsafe abortions, which put the life of the woman .
In the event that the abortion is induced and through the necessary medical assistance it should be stressed that it follows various procedures that assume that it is undertaken with all the guarantees for the patient. Thus, in the medical centers that are going to perform the operation, a series of vital and previous steps are followed, such as data collection, ultrasound, analysis, psychosomatic consultation and the usual and necessary medical recognition.
These steps are also those undertaken in patients who are in the second trimester who routinely undergo the dilation and evacuation technique. A procedure that is characterized, among other things, because it is not very harmful for women, which means that even on the day of the intervention, they can go home without needing to be hospitalized.
In addition to the types of abortion mentioned, it is also necessary to add what is known as a pharmacological abortion that is based on the use of mifepristone or RU 486. A medication is that, in a frequent way, it needs to be complemented by instrumental support, in particular with what is known as scraping.
In the same way it is important to underline that the woman who ingests said drug should be aware of the set of symptoms she will have and that they resemble those who suffer from any female who has a miscarriage. Among them you can find hemorrhages, severe menstrual pain, vomiting, diarrhea or fever.
Most national laws distinguish between two kinds of induced abortions: therapeutic and elective abortions. The therapeutic abortions they are justified from the intention of preserving the life of the mother who, in case of continuing pregnancy or birth, could be at risk of life. This type of abortion is also ordered by a doctor when the unborn baby carries a serious genetic or congenital disease.
The elective abortions Instead, they are usually decided when the pregnancy is caused by a sexual offense (a rape) or when the woman cannot or does not want to support her child for economic and social reasons. In most countries, this practice is prohibited by the law with the exception of a few cases (violation of a minor, for example).