The etymological origin of the term we are now going to analyze is very clear, it is found in Latin. Even more concretely we can establish that it resides in the Latin word revolutum which can be translated as "circling."
The revolution is a radical change or transformation regarding the immediate past , which can occur simultaneously in different fields (Social , economic , cultural , religious , etc.). Revolutionary changes have transcendental consequences and are usually perceived as sudden and violent, since it is a break of the established order . Revolutions are born as a result of historical processes and collective constructions.
The science of the history It establishes three major types of revolutions: politics , Social and economical .
The political revolution is that one where replace the government or even the entire political system is modified . Social relations (such as property), on the other hand, remain unchanged. An example of this type of revolutions were those that occurred in Europe in 1848 , when a wave of popular demonstrations became widespread and expanded with great speed.
It would also be necessary to add others of great historical importance, such as the Cuban one. Environment in the first half of the twentieth century is when the same takes place thanks to which it was achieved not only to end the Batista dictatorship but also the rise to power of the Rebel Army represented by its leader, Fidel Castro.
In addition there is also known as the Carnation Revolution. An action was developed in Portugal in 1974 and managed to end the longest dictatorship in Europe, which led by Salazar in Portuguese lands.
The social revolution instead it is a transformation of all social relationships and everyday interactions within a liberated territorial space, be it a city or a country. In this way, social revolutions do alter property relations and transcend politics, such as French Revolution of 1789 and the Soviet Revolution of 1917 .
In the case of the French Revolution, which began with the proclamation of the Third State as a National Assembly and ended with the coup d'etat of Napoleon in 1799, what we have to make clear is that it was produced by a large number of Causes. Among them are the dissatisfaction of the popular classes, the establishment of a bourgeoisie that was gaining more and more weight and power, an economic crisis and a monarchy too rigid.
All this, together with the new enlightened ideas that were gaining form, led to the decision to carry out this revolution in France with which it is possible to abolish feudalism, take power away from the Church, make the monarchy disappear and move towards a system constitutional.
Finally, the economic revolution is the drastic change in the conditions of production, distribution and consumption of goods and services . The term generally applies to technological changes, as happened with the call Industrial Revolution (where a different era began thanks to the use of new techniques, energy sources, invention of machinery and new means of transport, among other issues).