Originating in the Latin term normalis, the concept of normal refers to what is in a state that is considered as natural . The term also refers to what acts as rule , canon or model , and what fits, due to its nature, to precepts established in advance.
For example: "The normal thing is that dogs are not aggressive with man", "Don't worry, it's normal for you to feel that", "It would be normal for the businessman to refuse to support the one who criticized him so harshly".
For the psychology , the qualifier of normal applies to who does not reveal an important difference with respect to its community . This, obviously, without forgetting that all living beings have differences among themselves. Therefore, the use of the concept of normal always implies subjectivity .
According to Freud, a normal person is a person with a healthy behavior who does not deny his reality but knows how to face it and transform it with the tools he possesses. Those who do not have these characteristics are individuals with some emotional disorder, as is the case with neurosis .
It should be noted that the abnormality it is another characteristic that is defined in a subjective way and that is assigned to those people or things that have strange conditions or that are not functional. For a teenager, it may be normal to dye her hair violet and wear a piercing in the nose. It is likely, on the other hand, that their elders disagree with their decision. A third person may add that the adolescent's behavior is normal, but only for someone his age.
On the other hand, a Normal school It is that educational entity that is responsible for training teachers. Its purpose is to set the standards of teaching (hence its denomination).
Normal in a society
It is very common to hear the phrase "That's not normal"to refer to what escapes what is expected of a person, for example: it is not normal for a man not to enjoy football, it is not normal for a woman not to have children, it is not normal for a child to prefer to write instead of spending the day playing, it is not normal for a person not to talk to his family, it is not normal for a child not to do what his parents want ... For every age there are actions and inclinations that are defined as normal and those individuals that do not conform to them are rejected, criticized and tried to convince them to follow the marked path, the socially correct .
It is evident that this term is one of the bastions that govern our social life . Throughout history, different societies have created stereotypes to which individuals in the group must respond; rules were established that designate the normal , all those who respect them may enter this category, those who do not will be considered rare or abnormal .
In regards to the sexuality , normal appears as a synonym for heterosexuality, and individuals who identify with homosexuality, bisexuality or even asexuality, will be considered abnormal. At this point there is a great power exercised by the church around the political decisions of societies; with primitive ideas , this body has managed over the centuries to maintain unanimity around this issue, considering that homosexuality is a disease and barbaric criteria of similar size. In modern societies, the sexual diversity ; However, there are many people who are still capable of hating and even killing in order to eliminate those they consider abnormal, those whose only negative point is not to meet the expectations of a closed group of society that does not share their Needs or your feelings.
Also those people who do not wish to marry and have children, or even who do not show a desire to be sexually related to anyone, are considered abnormal and are urged to abandon their lifestyle in pursuit of a normal life .