From Latin culmen , the summit is the top or top of a mountain . The topography defines the term as the point of the surface that is highest in altitude compared to the points immediately adjacent to it. For example: “The summit of Mount Everest is over 8,800 meters high”, "If the weather conditions are maintained, we will reach the summit in two hours", "From the summit you can see the sea".
Typically, the summit concept is used to name the mountainous peak which has an important degree of topographic prominence, that is, that it is at a considerable distance from the nearest point of greatest elevation.
It is possible to speak of a sub-summit to mention other peaks near the summit, although with less prominence. These sub-tops are usually part of the same mountain as the summit.
All this also leads us to determine that many are the summits of the world that have become the most important precisely because of the height at which they are located. However, among the most significant is, for example, Everest, which is located in the Himalayas and has a height of 8,848 meters.
Many are the passionate and professional mountaineering and climbing who have set the goal of crowning their summit. Thus, since 1953 there have been more than 140 attempts to achieve it, being the first that paid off by the New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, from Nepal.
Also another of the most important summits in the world is the K2, which is in the Asian Karakórum mountain range and is 8,611 meters high. Various are the attempts, failed or not, that have been carried out with the clear objective of ascending this mountain that is considered one of the most difficult and dangerous due to its characteristics.
Kangchenjunga, Lhotse or Makalu, the three in the Himalayan mountain range, are other of the most significant summits of how many exist on the entire planet.
The notion of summit can also be used symbolically to point to the last grade that can be reached or at top of something : "After getting a new title with his team, the player has reached the height of his career", “Mario reached the professional summit at age 30 and today he is one of the most consulted experts in the world”, "This tennis player has little to reach the summit".
In addition to all of the above, we would have to underline that within the literary field one of his most important works bears precisely in his title the term that concerns us. We are referring to "Wuthering Heights", a novel written in 1847 by Emily Brontë who used the pseudonym Ellis Bell to publish it.
A summit, finally, is a meeting between leaders or leaders to discuss very relevant issues : “The summit of South American presidents will be held next month in São Paulo”.