Accent , which comes from Latin accentus, is the articulation of the voice that allows to highlight, through pronunciation, a syllable of a word. The distinction is achieved by using a higher tone or greater intensity.
There are different types of accent, such as prosodic accent or the musical accent . In this case we are going to focus on the emphatic accent , which is also known as diacritical accent .
This accent allows differentiate between two words through pronunciation and implies, in writing, the use of a accent mark (an oblique stripe). In this way, a distinction is made between a tonic syllable and one unstressed syllable which contributes to the differentiation of two meanings.
Take the case of he / he. When this monosyllable is written without tilde, it is an article: "The car broke down". On the other hand, if the emphatic accent is used, the word It becomes a personal pronoun: “He already knows that he has the doors open in this company”.
The emphatic accent is also used in other monosyllable words, such as he ("My wife is gone" / "I swear I don't know") and tea ("I will call you later" / “Today I will go to tea with my grandmother”).
More examples that we can find regarding the use or not of the emphatic accent are the following:
-More and more. The first word works as an adversative type conjunction while the second is an adverb of quantity. Examples of sentences from both would be the following: "I want to go on that trip but my economy does not allow it to me" and "I ate much more than I should."
-Yes and yes. The first term is a conditional conjunction and the second is an affirmative adverb. In this way, they are used in this way: "If you come to my house to do your homework, tomorrow I will accompany you to play for a bike ride" and "When I asked him if he wanted to marry me he answered me with a resounding yes."
-I know and I know. The first option is a personal pronoun and the second is a verbal form of the first person singular. Examples are: "He fell asleep during the car ride" and "I don't know what you're talking about, I have nothing to do with that matter."
In addition to all the exposed data, we cannot ignore the fact that there are others that are also worth knowing about the emphatic accent such as the following:
-It is very common that it is used to convert a tonic word into an unstressed one.
- It can be found very frequently in what are speeches and exhibitions of journalistic or political type.
The exclamatory pronouns and the interrogative pronouns On the other hand, they have an emphatic accent to differentiate themselves from conjunctions and of the Relative Pronouns : "How cold it is in this place!" / "I think you will like this"; "What is your name?" / "No player is as skilled as Messi"; "Who will come to eat?" / “They are the boys I talked to you about last night”.