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Bone It is a term with origin in Latin ossum. The concept allows naming the hard pieces that form the skeleton of the vertebrates . For example: “Yesterday I fell off the motorcycle and broke a bone”, "A player suffers a terrible fracture exposed and is left with a bone in the air", “My grandmother always complains about bone pain”.

Bones are mostly made up of woven bone (a special type of connective tissue formed by cells and calcified components) and have covers of cartilage , glasses , nerves and other elements.

At human being , the bones have a great capacity for regeneration and reconstitution, fulfilling important functions in the protection of vital organs (such as heart or the brain ) and allowing the movement of body (since it forms the musculoskeletal system).

When used in the plural, the term may mention the mortal remains of a person : "His bones were transferred to the cemetery of his hometown", “The singer had requested that, after his death, his bones be housed in the family vault”.

The notion of bone is also used to name the hard part in the center of some fruits that the seed contains . In this case, bone may be synonymous with prick : "Be careful with olives, which have bone", "Don't go choking on the sour cherries".

What causes a lot of work or that is uncomfortable It can be defined as bone: "The opponent will be a hard nut to crack", "And now what are we going to do with this bone?".

Bone diseases

Among the causes of bone diseases are infections, poor nutrition, genetic problems and cancer. Here are some of the most common disorders that directly affect the skeleton:

Osteoporosis

It is a condition that leads to the loss of much dough bone, after which the bones weaken and can break very easily. The meaning of the term is literally porous bones. It is worth mentioning that the people most at risk for this disease are white women, especially once they have gone through menopause, since they no longer have the estrogen necessary to keep bones safe from potential fractures. The ideal stage to prevent its appearance is between 25 and 40 years, and it is recommended to ingest calcium supplements, as well as exercise the muscles with weights. Interestingly, swimming does not directly contribute to the fight against osteoporosis, despite being considered the most complete sport.

Imperfect osteogenesis

Also known as crystal bones, is a genetic disease that is caused by a problem in the deposition of collagen, which causes a special fragility in the skeleton.

Rickets

It is a disease that takes place in the first years of life, and appears for not being exposed enough to sunlight, or for not having enough vitamin D in the body. In both cases, the bones soften and deform, especially those that make up the lower extremities. It is usually the reason why the legs are arched.

Osteomalacia

It is a form of rickets that appears in adulthood. It is more common in women with nutrition problems who have been mothers several times.

Posture disorders

They are anomalous curves in the spine, usually caused by osteoporosis or by congenital problems. The three most common are the lordosis (curve accentuated lumbar, frequent in pregnant women and men with obesity while overweight lasts), the scoliosis (lateral curve visible when the back is observed) and the kyphosis (commonly called hump, is a curve of the thoracic vertebrae).

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