Sarcasm It is a term that comes from Latin sarcasmus, although its most remote origin is in the language Greek The etymology of the word refers to "Cut or bite a piece of meat" .
The concept refers to a cruel and scathing mockery that offends or abuses someone or something . That is why its etymological origin is linked to "Bite the meat" (of the person victim of the sarcastic comment).
Sarcasm is a kind of irony or derision . Appeals to humor wit, but is malicious as it seeks to hurt the recipient. It should be mentioned that it can be expressed in an obvious way or by indirect criticism or disguised.
In the language oral, sarcasm usually relies on a peculiar intonation. For example: "The truth is that you are a genius" It can be a sincere phrase that seeks to honor the recipient or suggest exactly the opposite. In the second case, it is a sarcastic comment.
“You don't stop and keep explaining the question: you don't know how much I'm interested in what you're saying” is another ambiguous comment, which could be made with sarcasm to make the other person notice that his words are not interesting for your interlocutor, and that he is not willing to pay attention to you.
Sarcasm, like irony, can be so subtle that sometimes the listener fails to capture the aggression, especially when there are differences cultural or generational between the interlocutors.
Written communications, meanwhile, make sarcasm explicit through the use of quotation marks or capital letters : “What 'good mood' you have this afternoon”, “The prize has been a GREAT achievement on your part”.
As expected, the abuse of sarcasm in relationships It can end the patience of those who must tolerate it. In the United States, for example, this communication resource seems to be part of its identity; In Argentina, on the other hand, the reality used to be very different, until the consumption of American cinema and television brought this and other cultural features.
This phenomenon caused a dividing line among those who adopted it, with the consequent alteration of the personality, and those who maintained a more traditional behavior. The clash between these two groups of people, generally young and old respectively, is inevitable: when sarcasm is considered an insult to intelligence, regardless of the degree of seriousness of the comment, communication is not possible.
It's important pointing that the use of sarcasm does not necessarily indicate hostility; many times comments are made with double meaning with humorous intentions, or as a pleasant way to reflect About the mistakes themselves. With regard to this last point, sarcasm is not always directed at others, but it is possible to criticize oneself through phrases of a certain sharpness, which denote at the same time a discontent and commitment to improve.
An example of the above may have as a protagonist a person who leaves his house to go to a job interview and discovers that he has forgotten the keys of his car; Faced with such a finding, she says to herself "Perfect! The best thing I can do right now is to waste time and shake."
Psychology has repeatedly shown that there is no better therapy that externalize the feelings; in this sense, sarcasm can serve to let out the go to as soon as it manifests itself, in small quantities, before it accumulates and becomes an uncontrollable and dangerous problem. No one should fear facing the truth, their defects, their mistakes; and a comment with a certain degree of sarcasm, issued in the indicated context, may be the most enjoyable path to self-improvement.