The etymology from examine takes us to the Latin word examināre. The term refers to investigate or analyze something carefully . For example: "Before allowing people to re-enter the building, the engineers will examine the structure to determine whether it is safe or not.", “I will examine all the documents and then I will make a decision”, “The government promised to examine the request of rural workers”.
The action of examining is carried out to know details or to know precisely characteristics or qualities. It is not the same to see a car than to examine it: a person sees a vehicle when he detects it with his vision. Examining the car in question, however, requires careful observation, looking at its engine, studying the body, etc. If someone intends to buy a car, before deciding on the acquisition they will probably examine it.
A exam It is a tool that allows you to examine someone's knowledge or condition. A teacher it takes exam to a student to evaluate if he studied and assimilated certain contents. A doctor On the other hand, you can examine a patient who says he feels bad to try to find out what causes this discomfort.
In many contexts, examining is an act that is essential. An investigator who intends to solve a murder must examine the crime scene to collect the tests that allow him to find the person in charge, to cite a case. Likewise, a lawyer has to examine the documentation about the victim of a scam to determine the best strategy to follow.
There are several nuances that differentiate the action examine from look at or observe, among others that may be related depending on the context. As mentioned above, it all starts with the verb see, which we do involuntarily with our eyes as long as we have them open and there is a sufficient light source: we constantly capture images, regardless of whether we understand them or interest us. On the other hand, if we wish to use our view voluntarily, the other two actions come into play.
Look at it is the first one that arises after see, if we group them according to the degree of knowledge or understanding necessary to carry them out; for example: we see an object that we don't know or a text that we can't read and we decide look at it for a few seconds because he calls us the Attention . However, if we already have some tools to understand it, then it is likely that let's observe, that is to say, that we continue with the view for a longer time and with greater detail.
At the highest point of this scale comes examine, an action that we carry out if we believe we are capable of doing something with its results, for which a knowledge previous. In the previous examples, we talk about professionals who examine cases or proposals to decide their action plan, about teachers who test their students to find out if they have incorporated the knowledge they have been taught, about entrepreneurs who evaluate the aptitudes of the applicants to a certain position and detectives who carefully study the clues of a case to find a logical explanation.
This action is also used in the field of adventure video games, a genre in which it is very important to know in detail the scenarios and the objects that we find throughout history. In these titles, it is common for the main character to perform a series of actions in real life, and "examine" is one of the most common, since it is from them that the player can decide his next step.