Is called noun to the word that can act as a subject in a sentence. Nouns, in this way, are names that refer to objects or beings. Concrete , on the other hand, is an adjective that refers to what is solid or that is opposite to the abstract.
A concrete noun , therefore, it is a term that refers to something material , able to be perceived through the senses . This characteristic differentiates the concrete nouns from the abstract nouns , which mention concepts developed by intelligence or thought.
An example of a concrete noun is "table". The term refers to a piece of furniture which can be round, square or rectangular, has a table to support objects and has legs that raise it from the ground. The "table" It can be perceived through the eyes and touched. If someone points out that "The table is broken", in this way, it will refer to the furniture in question suffers some kind of damage.
"Dog" It is also a concrete noun. In this case, the noun designates a four-legged mammalian animal that lives in the company of human being like a pet. "My dog eats rice", "That dog runs very fast" and “My sister loves dogs” These are some sentences that use this specific noun.
It should be noted that a noun, besides being specific, can be included in other categories. Taking the previous examples, we can affirm that "table" and "dog" They are also common nouns and individual nouns .
Returning to the concept of abstract noun, it is also correct to say that it is a type of word that refers to a thing that is not possible to perceive through senses , exactly the opposite of what we have seen with respect to the concrete noun. It can be an idea, a feeling or a feeling, for example, that each individual imagines and interprets in a different and particular way. Some of the most common are "love", "friendship", "happiness", "courage", "guilt", "hope" and "pleasure".
In addition to the newly exposed differences between these two types of nouns, it is important to point out that the concrete ones are the first we dominate in our lives, since they are easier to understand and, given the limited tools we have to communicate during breastfeeding , the most practical to include in our first messages .
For example, when a child begins to babble his first words, it is normal to try to make reference to one of his family members, some of his favorite toys or food, which are the closest and sharpest components of his environment . It is not common that he decides to give his opinion about the economic situation of his country, the nerves of his older sister for the exam that he must take in the faculty or how fascinating it is to be able to share his life with his dog, despite of belonging to a species different.
The prominent essayist and philosopher José Ortega y Gasset He offered a somewhat different point of view regarding the definition of concrete and abstract nouns: according to him, the first are those that exist absolutely independently, which can be understood without the help of another finished , while abstracts only exist or can be visualized if they are related to a specific one.
Let's look at some examples of the vision of Ortega and Gasset. When we hear the word "beauty ", for example, we cannot understand it if we do not associate it with a specific noun, which in each person may be different: someone can think of a horse while another, in a person, and a third, in a landscape. For this reason , we understand that "beauty" is an abstract noun, since it needs a concrete one ("horse", "person" or "landscape", in this case) to exist.