The intelligence (from Latin intelligentia) is linked to know how to choose the best alternatives to solve a question . The concept encompasses the ability to elaborate, assimilate and understand information to use it properly.
Different types or classes of intelligence can be distinguished, such as biological intelligence , the operational intelligence wave psychological intelligence .
For the American psychologist Howard Gardner , intelligence is the potential of each person. This potential cannot be quantified, but can only be observed and, through certain practices, developed.
Gardner is famous for having proposed the multiple intelligence model , where he states that intelligence is a set of specific capabilities with different level of generality . Thus, intelligence ceases to be considered as something unitary and becomes a series of elements independent and well differentiated.
This psychologist started from something that can be seen in everyday life: intelligence transcends academic or intellectual capacity. Having a large volume of knowledge in a specific area of scientific knowledge, for example, does not guarantee success in business or emotionally, since these last two points require different types of intelligence.
The multiple intelligence theory of Gardner recognize eight types of intelligence:
* the Intrapersonal intelligence (capacity for self-understanding and control of one's emotional and emotional life);
* the Interpersonal intelligence (the understanding of the intentions and desires of others);
* the linguistic intelligence (linked to the ability to understand the meaning and order of words in reading, writing and conversation);
* the spatial intelligence (the visual representation of ideas and the creation of mental images);
* the musical intelligence (power to analyze and create music);
* the logical-mathematical intelligence (to identify models, perform calculations, establish and test hypotheses and use the scientific method);
* the naturalistic intelligence (the recognition of the relationships that exist between different groups of objects or people);
* the body-kinetic intelligence (skills to use strength, flexibility, coordination and Balance of the body).
While there are several issues that drive each person to develop each type of intelligence to a different degree, it is important to note that, except for exceptions for specific impediments, we can all carry out activities outside our main interests to become smarter. Regardless of the natural predisposition that can be had to function in a particular field, training is the basis on which all skill must be built.
He developing Intelligences that appear to be more alien to our personality have many benefits, both for our daily lives and for growth at the vocational level. To cite one example, many relate musical intelligence to linguistics, and it is believed that the enrichment of one of them directly affects that of the other; In other words, a language enthusiast can take advantage of the study of music as well as a singer to devote part of his time to learning languages.
Performing activities related to different types of intelligence makes us more flexible, more mentally open and gives us tools very valuable to develop in society. The study of mathematics, for example, not only bears fruit when it comes to calculations, but also improves our perception of the environment and helps us establish relationships between different concepts and solve everyday problems that have little to do with an equation or trig function.
Just as parallel thinking opens the doors to us solutions that do not become evident within a closed framework, immersing yourself in the learning of various disciplines can make us discover intellectual resources that we did not think we had or whose existence we did not know.