Senator It is a term that comes from Latin senātor and which refers to the individual that integrates the Senate . To understand, therefore, what a senator is and what he does, it is necessary to understand the concept of Senate.
The Senate is a body of Legislative power . In many republican countries organized under a federal regime, the parliament (he congress ) is divided into two chambers: the Senate is the High camera while the Chamber of Deputies is the Low camera .
Usually, the Senate is made up of senators representing a certain territory (which can be a province, a state or other administrative unit). The deputies, on the other hand, are representatives chosen by the total population.
In the democracies , senators are usually elected by citizens through free elections . Each senator has a specific time period to fulfill (four years, six years, etc.): once that period is completed, the senator leaves his bank, unless he has again presented himself to elections and the people have returned to to choose.
In some countries anyway senators are appointed by some authority. There are also regimes that contemplate the possibility of having life senators .
The main function of the senators is defend the interests of the state or province they represent . Sometimes this contrasts with the work of the deputies , which defend the interests of the country in general (that is, of the federal State). A law passed by deputies, in this way, can be rejected by the senators of certain districts.
Functions of the Senator in Spain
First of all, it is important to point out that the Senator participates in the activities carried out in the Chamber, and thus has the possibility of submitting veto amendments every time a law or a project is proposed. Another of the chores What you can carry out is the formulation of proposals for law, although for this you must act in conjunction with your Parliamentary Group or with 24 other Senators.
In both cases, the Senator can participate with his vote to approve or reject the initiatives raised. You can also present questions that must be answered orally or in writing, as well as interpellations (the action of raising a broad discussion that does not necessarily focus on the proposals or the bill in question). Together with a Parliamentary Group or with 10 other Senators, you can also file a motion to ask the Senate to process a text of a non-legislative nature.
The Spanish Senator has the power to intervene in a debate provided you have expressed your desire to do so and have received the relevant approval; during his participation, only the President may interrupt him to call the question or order. In the Senate Regulation there are many precepts about the tasks of the President in these cases: he must be responsible for leading the debate and maintaining discipline in Parliament.
Participating in the voting of agreements is another function belonging to the figure of the Senator, and this must be done in a personal and non-delegable way. In addition, it is important to note that the majority of the members of the Chamber must be present to carry out the adoption of a agreement . Senators vote for assent (if so proposed by the President), of ordinary form (verification requires an electronic procedure) or nominal form (with a public or secret character; in the latter case, balls or ballots are used). The rules to proceed when a tie takes place are detailed in the Senate Regulations, specifically in its article 100.