Antecedent It is a term that comes from a Latin word and serves to refer to what precedes (which appears in front of something else in weather , order or place).
This term can be used to talk about a circumstance or action which serves as a reference to understand more accurately a later fact. For example: "The closest record of such a defeat goes back to 1984, when the team fell by 6 to 0", "There was no history of violence that would foresee such behavior", "The National Novel Prize he won in 2007 is the best background for this writer who has surprised with his new book".
In the field of right , is known under this name the circumstance in which someone has been convicted or prosecuted previously . The background, which can be considered as aggravating in the face of a new criminal act, is recorded in the police archives or in another type of record: “The detainee for the crime of the teacher has lush backgrounds”, “A man with a police record was surprised while trying to enter the government house without authorization”, “Enrique has a background and doesn't get a job”.
Police or criminal records are recorded every time a person is arrested or tried for a crime, regardless of its magnitude. In the event that the file has simply been opened but the person has not been convicted of the crime, after a certain amount of time, it is possible that this file is cleaned, eliminating that background . To carry out this procedure it is necessary to be aware of the laws of the country in which the crimes were committed and the rules that exist to carry out said cancellation; It is worth mentioning that in many states it is not possible to carry out this purification, so once a criminological file has been opened to someone, it will be archived for life.
It is normal that before a person is hired by a company, You are asked to carry the document issued by the national police in which it is evidenced that you have no background , that is to say that there are no records of that committed crimes, that is to say that it has a clean file, or, without spots. This document is essential to carry out certain procedures such as getting married, traveling abroad or requesting certain permits.
In logic, this term is also used to refer to the first proposition of an entinema. It is worth mentioning that a syllogism is known as entineme that lacks one of its premises because it is implicit in the statement.
On the other hand in mathematics it is named like that first term of a reason . The ratio between two consecutive terms of the sequence is known as the reason.
The term in grammar
Also in grammar this concept exists and refers to noun or the previous nominal expression referred to by some pronoun : In the sentence “The disc that I bought is excellent”, the antecedent of the relative pronoun "what" is the noun phrase "the disc".
This word is often immersed in redundant expressions, the most common is "prior antecedent." As in the background concept the precondition is implied It is not necessary and it is absolutely incorrect to join both concepts in the same sentence. Thus the following phrase "She was tried and sentenced to two years in prison, which she could avoid for not having a previous record," should have been written simply, "She was tried and sentenced to two years in prison, which she could avoid for not having a record. ".