Before entering fully into the establishment of the meaning of the term archbishop, it is necessary to know its etymological origin. In this case, we can say that it derives from the Greek, from the word “archiepískopos”, which is the result of the sum of these two elements:
-The prefix "archi-", which can be translated as "the boss" or "the boss".
-The noun "episkopos", which is equivalent to "bishop".
Two elements that, when united, created a noun that means “the one who sends the bishops”.
An archbishop is a bishop who heads a relevant diocese for his history or for his magnitude . To know what an archbishop is, therefore, we have to understand what a bishop is and what a diocese is.
A diocese is a territory that is under the leadership of a bishop , who is just the senior priest in a diocese . It can be said that the bishop is responsible for directing and guiding the community which is part of the diocese in question.
We must also differentiate the positions of archbishop and cardinal. Specifically, we can determine that the latter is the position that is immediately below the Pope. Hence, once appointed by the Supreme Pontiff he will be responsible not only for helping him in government but also for advising him and, when the time comes, to elect the new Pope.
Picking up the idea of archbishop, it is a prelate who directs a diocese of special status: a archdiocese or archdiocese . This ecclesiastical entity is composed of different dioceses, whose head is the archbishop who is based in the metropolitan church.
It could be said, in short, that an archbishop is a bishop of superior rank since it governs an archdiocese. That rank, however, is not linked to a different order: consecration is granted to the priest when he is ordained a bishop. The archbishop does not have a power superior or additional to that of the bishop.
Jorge Mario Bergoglio , before becoming the Pope Francisco , was archbishop of the Archdiocese of Buenos Aires . Bergoglio was ordained archbishop in 1998 and, three years later, it also became cardinal . I already eat Pope Francisco , in 2014 carried out the designation of Mario Aurelio Poli as archbishop of Buenos Aires .
Speaking of archbishop means having to mention the Archbishop of Canterbury, who is the oldest bishopric in the United Kingdom, dating back to the year 597. Today, we can establish that he becomes the spiritual leader of what is the Anglican Communion.
One of the best known and most significant archbishops in history, specifically that of Spain, is Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros (1436 - 1517). He was Archbishop of Toledo, cardinal and one of the most relevant inquisitors. Due to the inability of Queen Juana, she served as regent of the kingdom of Castile for two occasions and also exercised as such after the death of Fernando de Aragón and until the arrival of the throne of Carlos I.