It is called assistance to a way of providing assistance : help, collaboration or support. The concept is usually used, in general, with respect to the obligation that governments have to assist their citizens to meet basic needs when people cannot do it on their own.
Due to various economic and social issues, it is common for many individuals to fail to meet their essential expenses (related to housing, health, education, etc.). Thats why he State You have to assist them. This particularity establishes a dependency relationship that attempt against individual dignity : the subject depends on the State, more precisely on the rulers who administer it, to subsist.
In this way, welfare acquires a negative charge . People need the assistance of government , which is inevitably strengthened by it. Assistance, in this framework, consists of deliver resources to citizens to meet some of their needs, but without favoring their emancipation from state dependency . In other words: the rulers may find it convenient to develop plans to help the poor so that they pay them with their vote in the elections with the intention of continuing to obtain clothing and food. On the other hand, if they generated genuine jobs and social reintegration platforms that allowed the most deprived individuals to access vocational training and a living wage, they could meet their own needs.
In this quest to guarantee low-income citizens their right to lead a life worthy With access to the same basic services as the rest of the population, the government usually opens the doors to some of the following: a house, to prevent them from continuing on the streets; spaces where to carry out your personal hygiene; personal hygiene items, such as shampoo, soap and perfume; medical care; community kitchens; laundry.
Returning to the negative effects that assistance can have on the developing of the individuals who take advantage of it, some experts assure that the comfort provided by the aid and the inevitable dependence they develop towards it does nothing other than collaborate with the increase of poverty at the national level. Given the possibility of subsisting without being part of society normally, assuming a labor obligation and paying taxes, many people get used to their situation and do not strive to get ahead.
At Dictionary of Social Work , Ezequiel Ander Egg offers a definition of assistance in which he expresses that This form of help does not take into account Causes that generate the deficiency situations that you intend to solve . This explains with great conciseness one of the reasons for the aforementioned negative repercussions: if we do not attack the root problem, then it is highly probable that it will not disappear.
People in need are equal to the most favored, they have the same essence, they belong to the same species and that is why it is more constructive to expose them to all those resources with which they have not yet been found and let them learn to use them to build a better life . This does not mean denying them guidance, health care or decent housing until they can take flight, but giving them tools so that they feel the genuine desire to sustain themselves by their own means, just as sooner or later we decided to leave our parents to go our way.
Beyond the State, non-governmental organizations (NGO ) They also tend to develop assistance to improve the quality of life of the most disadvantaged sectors or those affected by some kind of catastrophe (for example, helping victims of a flood).