A slander is a false accusation which is done in order to cause a damage . On the legal level, it is called slander to impute a crime to a subject knowing that what he is accused of never existed or was not done by the accused.
For there to be slander, therefore, there must be a false accusation or accusation: who accuses does so with the aim of harm the accused . Another possibility is that the accuser is convinced of the veracity of his complaint but acts with contempt to true .
This means that slander can lead to idol (when the individual knows what he imputes is false) or a eventual intent (may believe that it is not false but is not interested in accessing the truth and therefore generates a damage ).
Let's suppose two people the presidential candidacy of a sport Club . According to different surveys, both are very even in the intention of voting of the partners. One of them, to stain his opponent's reputation, accuses him of having received bribes of a player representative to hire their representatives if they become president.
He accused he defends himself by ensuring that he has never committed a crime and requires his opponent to retract. However, he does not and insists with the complaint in the media. Against this background, the accused denounces the other candidate for the crime of slander .
At present, slander is an integral part of communication through the networks social, although this was not the intention of the creators of the Internet. While there are many people who take advantage of this tool to study at a distance, enrich themselves culturally by reading about other countries and making friends without the geographical barriers being a limit, most reserve a space in their life not much higher than that of the afternoon soap opera.
It is important to distinguish between a slander that begins to spread a gangster willing to face melee with his enemy, without fear of dying in a duel of knives, and the one that a user of a social network emits hidden behind a fictitious name that does not reveal no fact staff to recognize or locate it. In other words, these types of free attacks, which today are common currency on the Internet, are characterized by the cowardice of their authors.
One of the characteristics of slander is the ease with which it spreads: unlike a comment made in intimacy, as part of a conversation between friends who both hope does not transcend the barriers of their relationship, slander is created with the purpose of humiliate to the victim before as many people as possible.
For example, when someone decides to slander a neighbor in his building because an aspect of his personality bothers him and wishes to make his life impossible until he leaves, he does not call a loved one to vent on the phone but instead approaches The most person gossip of the community and tells a series of lies about the neighbor, knowing that in a matter of minutes all this will be public knowledge and everyone will begin to look badly at the neighbor in question.
Something similar happens on the Internet, although the process is easier and much less committed : it is enough to make a series of incisive comments in the forums and the appropriate social networks so that in a few minutes the information is deformed and spreads everywhere.