Before proceeding to determine the meaning of the term prison we must proceed to know its etymological origin. In this case, we can say that it is a word of Latin origin. Exactly derived from "carcer" and was used to name both the spaces that had bars as the spaces where the gladiators waited to go out to the sand. That without forgetting that it was also used to name the underground places where the beasts that were going to face the aforementioned gladiators were kept.
It is called jail to the building which is used for lock up prisoners . A prisoner, on the other hand, is a person who was deprived of his freedom as sentence for having committed a crime .
For example: “Last night there was a riot in the San Jerónimo prison”, “The government promised to remodel the prisons so that the prisoners live in better conditions”, "A dangerous criminal jumped the wall and fled from prison".
Prisons are institutions that depend on State . The prisons as a whole and the body responsible for their administration make up the prison system . In a democracy, only the Power of attorney You can order a person to be sent to jail.
There are several reasons that are used to justify depriving a person of freedom human being . In the context of a judicial process, a judge may decide that a defendant be sent to jail to prevent a possible leak or that hinders the investigation. As for the imprisonment of the damned, it allows to protect to the citizens of dangerous people (thieves, murderers, rapists, etc.), it serves as deterrence for those who could break the law and contribute to the resocialization of the one who decided to move away from the norms of social coexistence.
Numerous are the prisons that exist throughout the world. However, among the best known and important are some like these:
-The Alcatraz prison, which has inspired the world of literature and even cinema. It is located in the United States, specifically on the island that gives it its name, and in it they have served sentences known as Al Capone. It has always been considered one of the ones with the strongest security measures, but a total of 36 prisoners tried to escape fourteen times. He has appeared in films such as "The Man of Alcatraz" (1962) or "The Fugue of Alcatraz" (1979).
-The Château d'If prison, which is in France. He inspired Alejandro Dumas and thus determined that his famous Count of Montecristo was taken prisoner.
-The Robben Island prison, which is located in South Africa. If it is relevant, it is because Nelson Mandela was imprisoned in it.
The idea of jail is also used with reference to the sentence that deprives of freedom tosomeone: "Leonel's killer was given fifteen years in jail", "It is unfair that I fell two years in jail when I did not commit any crime".
At language colloquial, finally, what is said to be jail overwhelms or overwhelms : “This job is a jail, at any moment I will quit”, "The singer fought for years to get out of the prison of addictions".