In order to know the meaning of the term bottleneck it is interesting to discover, first, the etymological origin of the two main words that make it up:
-Neck derives from Latin, exactly from "collum", which was used to refer to both the "stem of a plant" and the "top and narrowest part of a bottle".
-Bottle, on the other hand, also comes from Latin. In his case, specifically emanates from "butticula", which was used to refer to a type of container.
The expression bottleneck It can be understood literally or figuratively. In the first case, it refers to the narrowest part of a container , which is in the zone higher.
He neck It ends at the tip or mouth of the bottle. As it is narrower than the rest of the container, it helps to regulate the amount of liquid that is drunk or served: if the neck was the same width as the rest of the bottle, liquid control would be more complicated.
Appealing to an analogy, the idea Bottleneck is used to refer to different situations or events. Suppose that an avenue has four lanes but, after a certain crossing, it only has two lanes. It can be said that, at that moment, there is a bottleneck: the vehicles that were circulating on the avenue at a certain speed do not find space to continue advancing at that rate and must reduce the gear until they are accommodated in one of the two available lanes . This bottleneck, in short, generates congestion and delays .
Within the framework of production process of certain goods, on the other hand, a bottleneck can also be generated. This occurs when a phase of production develops more slowly than the preceding ones, slowing down the process usually.
Within the production of a factory a bottleneck may occur due to different circumstances. However, among the most frequent causes are the lack of operators, that there is a lack of materials to be able to undertake a specific phase of that production, that one of the machines used will break down or run more slowly than usual ...
Precisely to prevent this situation from occurring, it is established that it is necessary to anticipate it and for that purpose, the production will be thoroughly analyzed. Specifically, it will be studied completely and end to end in order to take appropriate measures to prevent it from arising.
However, if a bottleneck finally takes place, it is necessary to act quickly and precisely so that a serious problem is not generated. In that case, the cause will be discovered and then it will be decided between two options: act directly on the failure and paralyze everything until it is solvent or adapt the chain to that problem.
For the computing , a bottleneck arises when a device has a higher processing capacity than another device with which it is connected. The notion also appears in the field of biology linked to a reduction in the genetic variability of a species due to an abrupt decrease in the number of specimens in the past.