The term culture , which comes from Latin cultus, refers to cultivation of the human spirit and of the intellectual faculties of man. Its definition has been mutating throughout history: since the time of Illuminism , culture has been associated with the civilization and at progress .
In general, culture is a kind of social fabric It covers the different forms and expressions of a given society. Therefore, customs, practices, ways of being, rituals, types of dress and rules of behavior are aspects included in the culture.
Another definition states that culture is the set of information and skills Who owns an individual. For the UNESCO , culture allows the human being the ability to reflect on himself: through it, man discerns values and seeks new meanings.
According to the analytical approach that is followed, culture can be classified and defined in various ways. For example, there are scholars who have divided culture into topical (includes a list of categories), historical (culture as a social heritage), mental (complex of ideas and habits), structural (scheduled and interrelated symbols) and symbolic (arbitrarily assigned meanings that are shared by a society).
Culture can also be differentiated according to its degree of development: primitive (those cultures with little technical development and that do not tend to innovation), civilized (it is updated by producing new elements), pre-alphabeta (has not incorporated writing) and alphabeta (uses both written and oral language).
Finally, it should be noted that in modern capitalist societies there is a cultural industry , with a market where cultural goods are offered subject to the laws of supply and demand of the economy.