The facade is the exterior facing of a building . The concept makes it possible to refer to all the exterior walls of the construction but, generally, the term is used to mention the main facade or front facade .
For example: “The theater owner has invested a lot of money to fix the facade”, "The tickets will go on sale in the ticket offices of the rear facade", "Protesters threw tomatoes at the facade of the municipality".
The facade is usually the only part of a building that is perceived from the outside. This makes it very important in the architecture , since it is the element that expresses the characteristics of the construction and its style.
It is important to note, however, that the facades not only fulfill an aesthetic function, but must also be functional to the whole of the building, acting as thermal and acoustic insulation and preventing the entry of water.
Conventional facades usually have a outer sheet (usually made with brick) and with a inner sheet . Between both sheets a thermal insulator (of polyurethane, fiberglass or other material) is installed, with a small separation so that the steam from Water can be ventilated
In the case of commercial premises , the aesthetics of the facade is even more relevant than for private homes, since it can determine the income, or not, of potential clients.
In colloquial language, on the other hand, the notion of façade is often used to name the presence or figure of someone: “The actor left fans delighted with his great facade”.
Facades according to their material
Aluminum facades have existed for more than half a century and are relatively inexpensive. This material is highly resistant, especially effective against fires and termite attacks, although it is important to note that it is easily abolished. There are panels of different colors, textures and alignments to choose from.
Stucco is a material linked to the facade concept for centuries; to get it, you just need to combine lime, sand and water and you can get textured using different pigments and stones. There are two fundamental methods for making stucco designs, which consist of stirring the mixture or raking it while it is applied. It should be mentioned that this material dries in a very short time, resists water and is very durable.
A facade made of fiber cement can be very durable, since this material It is obtained by mixing sand, cement and cellulose fiber. It can be obtained in previously painted panels, which are also resistant to termites and fire, in addition to requiring very little work to maintain them. Its durability is not to be taken lightly, since it allows many of its manufacturers to offer them with several decades of warranty.
As expected, the wooden facade is one of the most varied, since its raw material can be obtained from a large number of different tree species, among which cedar, pine and redwood stand out. his price It varies according to the geographical origin of the type of wood chosen. Although it offers good durability, it requires maintenance every year.
Building a facade with vinyl is very economical. This material, which is characterized by a large versatility, it is made with PVC plastic and can be obtained in a wide variety of colors. With respect to its resistance, it is ideal to withstand strong winds and changing temperatures. On the other hand, it is worth mentioning that it does not stand out for its durability, since it tends to crack over time. Vinyl panels can be purchased in various styles and do not need to be painted.