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Before entering to analyze the meaning of the term forage, we will proceed to discover its etymological origin. In this case, we can establish that it derives from French, exactly from "fourrage", which can be translated as "grass to feed the cattle."

The concept refers to the cereals , he dry grass and the grass which is used to feed the cattle .

Fodder, therefore, is made up of cultivated plants to feed the animals . Its characteristics depend on the type of soil, climate and livestock production to which it is intended.

Many are the farmers who bet on the use of fodder for feeding their animals because they believe that it brings a lot of advantages. Specifically, among the most significant are the following:
-Improves production.
-He also has in his favor that animals are considered to digest it easily.
-In addition, they highlight the fact that it is a product rich in vitamins, minerals, proteins and even carbohydrates.
- In the same way, it is necessary to emphasize that it helps to increase what is the production of meat and also of milk.
-Your productive costs are really low.

Occasionally, producers choose to feed the animals in the ground where breeding takes place. Thus, the forage usually consists of fresh grass It is grown and grown in the place.

In addition to all of the above, we have to establish that two types of fodder are clearly differentiated:
-The grasses or grasses. They have in their favor that they are very rich in fiber, they adapt easily to all types of climates and soils and have great value in terms of nutritional quality. Within this group we have to differentiate grazing grasses, erect growth, cutting and hauling, semi-right growth ...
-Fodder legumes, which stand out for being very rich in protein. There are several such as palmaticompuestos or pinnaticompuestos, among others.

Organic and mineral residues can be added to the grass to improve its nutritional properties. As for the species that make up the grass, grasses and legumes are usually combined so that the animals incorporate all the protein what do you need. Wheat, alfalfa, oats, millet and soybeans can form grass.

He hay It constitutes another type of widely used fodder. It is a legume or a dry grass which is cut and given to cattle as food. Many times the hay is formed with a combination of plants , such as wheat, barley and oats. The quality of the hay is given by the type of leaves it contains.

As you can see, obtaining hay is a way to conserve fodder. But it is also possible to appeal to others processes To that end. One of them is the ensilage , which is based on lactic fermentation. In fact, the result of the procedure is also called silage.

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