The Latin word licĭtus came to our language as lawful . It is an adjective that allows reference to that which is authorized or that is tolerated by current regulations in a certain area.
For example: "It is lawful that he refuses to testify, as my lawyer explained to me", "According to most sports analysts, the first goal of the local team was not lawful", "Before a act lawful volunteer, Justice has nothing to say ”.
In these examples we can appreciate some of the nuances of this concept, which allow us to use it in different cases. In the first, we see that a person urged to make a statement refuses objecting that his lawyer had explained that he has right to remain silent before the questions of your interlocutor.
In the second example we are facing a situation that takes place within the framework of a football match that must be analyzed by various experts in order to determine whether it is a goal or not. Some sports have several layers of complexity that give rise to certain difficulties when it comes to play a play.
A lawful voluntary act cannot be punishable, since Justice itself contemplates it within the list of things that citizens can do. It is important to recognize lawful acts to prevent a accusation unfair harm someone.
In all three cases we see different situations, but that does not prevent them from having something in common: there is a series of rules in the background that allows us to identify lawful and illegal acts. In fact, it is clear that we are not talking about laws of nature but those that created and continues to create the human being with the aim of organizing his life in society and maintaining order.
For a legal act to be valid, you must have a lawful object As an essential component. This means that the content of the legal matter has to conform to the laws . The opposite of the lawful object is the illicit object, which does not correspond to the legal provisions.
As an interesting fact, in ancient Rome there was no Theory of the Legal Act as we know it today, since this work dates from 19th century German pandectism , a doctrine that preceded the coding and reached its splendor in the nineteenth century.
Everything contract , on the other hand, must be motivated by a legal cause . Therefore, only with a lawful cause is the legal obligation born.
The idea from lawful origin , meanwhile, it is usually used with respect to obtaining resources through some action or mechanism endorsed by law. When the funds are of legal origin, they are not the result of illegal activity.
Suppose a person disburses a millionaire sum to buy a TV channel. Yes said money It comes from drug trafficking, it does not have a lawful origin. On the other hand, if it was gathered thanks to the livestock activity, its origin is not objectionable.
In the field of sport Finally, it is mentioned as lawful to what is allowed by the regulation . A lawful goal , at soccer , is achieved without committing any violation of the rules.
This term is widely used, both in technical fields and in everyday speech. Needless to say, in many cases its meaning is not represented quite accurately, but is included in informal sentences to express approval with respect to a business, a process or a product
Among the most common synonyms for the word "lawful" are the following: "legitimate, legal, authorized, permitted" and "fair." Its most used antonyms, on the other hand, are "illegal" and "illicit."