In the Greek it is where we find the etymological origin of the term that now occupies us. Specifically, it is the result of the sum of two lexical components of this language:
-The noun "gaster", which can be translated as "stomach" or "belly."
-The suffix "-itis", which is used to indicate "inflammation."
Hence, we can literally indicate that gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach.
It is called gastritis to swelling of stomach (the widest sector of the digestive system, which is between the intestine and the esophagus). Specifically, gastritis involves inflammation of the stomach or gastric mucosa a, which is the layer that covers the inner walls of the stomach.
The possible causes of gastritis are varied. The disorder can be caused by a bacterial infection, an unbalanced diet, an autoimmunity problem or stress , for example.
However, we cannot ignore that there are other elements that can also cause gastritis. We are referring to an excessive consumption of alcohol, the intake of drugs such as naproxen or ibuprofen, the consumption of cocaine, the intake of very spicy foods and even a viral infection.
Once it occurs in the body, gastritis can cause stomach pains , acidity , sickness and vomiting . The person who suffers from this inconvenience is usually indigestible when eating or losing the appetite .
Black stools, vomiting in which blood is perceived or even a considerable increase in gases are other symptoms that can suffer those who suffer from gastritis.
The study known as gastroscopy, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy or esophagogastroduodenoscopy allows gastritis to be visualized, since the area appears reddened by irritation or small hemorrhages. A biopsy can also be performed. With the diagnosis confirmed, the doctor will indicate treatment which may include the supply of drugs and the prescription of an adequate diet.
Generally, gastritis begins to improve with the start of treatment, although the outlook depends on the cause of origin. In many cases, gastritis does not even produce symptoms and, therefore, does not affect the individual. However, there are certain complications that can occur in the presence of this disorder, such as an increased risk of gastric cancer or loss of blood .
According to its characteristics, one can distinguish between the chronic gastritis and the acute gastritis . According to evolution Meanwhile, we can talk about atrophic gastritis or erosive gastritis .
Atrophic gastritis, which is usually caused by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, we can establish that it occurs when what is the protective layer of the stomach is very damaged and there is a risk of stomach cancer. On the other hand, erosive gastritis is the one that occurs when there is an ulceration in the stomach lining.
In order to prevent suffering from gastritis, it is necessary to carry out measures such as not consuming too much alcohol, avoiding prolonged intake during a period of the drugs we have already mentioned or carrying out a healthy, complete and balanced diet.