The geohistory it is the field of study that links the geography and the history . It is a discipline devised by the French historian Fernand Braudel (1902-1985), who considered not only the effect of geography on history, but also the consequences of the economy on it.
Due to its characteristics, geohistory is considered a auxiliary history discipline . Its purpose is to analyze the dynamics between societies from other times and the geographical structures in which they developed. According to geohistory, geography does not determine the characteristics of societies, but it does influence their culture and technology, for example.
To understand the social behaviors of the past Therefore, it is important to have knowledge about geography. From economic activities to customs, through rituals and leisure, numerous issues are related to the characteristics of the land.
According to geohistory, in short, history is always connected with the space (that is, with geography). Each of the historical events had a specific geographic location , with actors that somehow interacted with the spatial elements.
Historical methods and geographical methods merge into this scientific discipline of great use for the study of regional history . In geohistory, the specialist approaches past events to understand them in his framework Spatial and temporal.
While geohistory points to objectivity and scientific knowledge, the geopolitics intends to interpret the past (historical and geographical) with the intention of justifying current events and situations.
As mentioned in the first paragraph, the founder of historical science that we know by the name of geohistory was Fernand Braudel . He was born in 1902 in Luméville-en-Ornois, France, and devoted himself to the study of history. Through his work, he revolutionized the historiography of his time, since he was the first to take effects that geography and economics caused in history.
Historiography is the science that focuses on the study of history, as well as the art of writing or describing it. The nature of this discipline is often debated because some consider it an art: on the one hand there are those who reject its artistic character, but there are also defenders of a vision that does not take science and art as things incompatible but considers them complementary.
Braudel spent his childhood in the rural house of his paternal grandmother, and that marked him in a very particular way. He never denied his origins , but was described as "a peasant historian", and it was thanks to his exposure to the way of life of the countryside that he approached the customs of those people so important for the development of a country. His experience throughout those years was key to understanding that there is an unbreakable link between geography, history and the economy.
Although it is not the only one, geohistory is a science that is present in our day to day beyond our technical knowledge: we know that in the Japanese diet and in the Mediterranean, fish predominates, as we comment on the soybean production of Argentina, and we are not always aware that these are not arbitrary aspects of its economy, isolated from its history, but are closely linked to it and, of course, to its geography. It is precisely because of its Location on the planet, due to the characteristics of its climate and its soil, as well as its proximity to the ocean, these towns were inclined to one or another activity.