The notion of blood glucose refers to the presence of blood glucose . The term comes from French glycemie (proposed by the French physiologist Claude bernard ), so sometimes it appears translated as glycemia . However, this last word is not accepted by the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) .
The doctors they use the term to refer to the blood glucose concentration measure . If blood glucose is below normal parameters, the individual suffers from hypoglycemia ; on the other hand, if the values exceed the average, it is a case of hyperglycemia .
Glycemia varies according to the foods that the person have ingested The normal blood glucose level is between 70 mg / dl and 100 mg / dl on an empty stomach. Glucose ingested with meals is metabolized by the action of various hormones, such as adrenalin , the insulin , he glucagon , the steroids and the glucocorticoids .
Glucose metabolization is important for the regulation of homeostasis . Failures in the process can cause various problems of Health , as the diabetes . This disease It is caused by an insulin deficiency and causes hyperglycemia.
Glycemic Index and Diabetes
It is known as glycemic index the value that describes the effect that food causes on glucose elevation in the blood flow. This indicator is extremely important for those people who suffer from some type of decompensation in the body related to blood sugar.
Foods that tend to raise blood glucose, such as certain juices and fruit candy, also cause an increase in insulin levels which results in the formation of body fat. Insulin is the hormone that It is responsible for distributing glucose in the various regions of the body To be used in cells. For those people who have diabetes problems it is extremely important to know the GI to control the amount of blood glucose because, if not, it could lead to serious decompensations.
Diabetes is a organic, multisystemic and chronic syndrome which is produced by insufficient production of insulin in the body, which leads to poor utilization of blood glucose and which is chained to lower energy production to which the body needs. It is estimated that about 200 million people suffer from this disease that involves a blood glucose disorder and should be treated with a diet specific, physical exercise and certain medications determined by the doctor.
Since insulin does not do its job correctly, people with diabetes suffer from hyperglycemia, because your body cannot mobilize blood sugar to adipocytes, hepatocytes and muscle cells where it could be stored in the form of Energy. The symptoms through which this disease can be detected are blurred vision, abundant thirst, frequent urination, hunger, excessive tiredness and sudden weight loss.
Both in people who suffer from this disease and in those who wish to lead a healthy life, it is important that they know that there are certain tricks that allow to reduce the levels of GI in food . For example: it is advisable to avoid long cooking and prioritize fresh and natural dishes. In addition, combining different types of foods (for example fiber with carbohydrates) can be extremely positive for the diet. On the other hand, it is important to maintain a balanced diet that gives the body everything necessary to stay healthy and active.