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From Latin aequalĭtas, the equality is the correspondence and resulting proportion of many parts that make up a uniform whole . The term allows naming the conformity of something with something else in its form, quantity, quality or nature .

In the field of math , an equality is an equivalence of two expressions or quantities. These factors, to be equal, must have the same value. For example: A + B = C + D it is true if A = 2, B = 3, C = 4 and D = 1 , among other cases. In this way, 2+3 is equal to 4+1 . Both expressions have the same value per result (5 ).

It is known as social equality to the context or situation where people they have the same rights and the same opportunities in a certain aspect or at a general level. The gender equality or gender equality It refers to standardizing existing opportunities so that they can be shared fairly between men and women.

All of this is important, as is what is known as equal opportunity. With it, what is established is that for a society to have a fair system, it must allow all individuals to have the same political and civil rights. But not only that, but everyone has to have identical possibilities to access what would be social welfare.

It is interesting to underline that in Spain one of the most important laws of recent years at all levels is the Law for the effective equality of women and men. In 2007 it was when the General Courts approved such legislation that, among other things, issues establishes the principle of balanced presence of men and women not only in the appointments of public powers but also in the electoral lists presented by political parties.

However, it also establishes the equality of both genders in the different media, protects workers from sexual harassment and advocates for equality when it comes to accessing both employment and training, working conditions or of professional promotion.

The term salary equality becomes especially important here. Under this denomination it is established that all individuals who perform similar jobs must receive the same salary regardless of their sex, race, religion, nationality or sexual orientation. If this does not occur, it is clear that what is being established is a latent and palpable discrimination.

The equality of races It is another form of equality: this notion holds that all people should enjoy them rights so that there is no discrimination. In South Africa , at the time of apartheid, equality of races was not met and the black population was exploited by whites.

The equality before the law It is a principle that recognizes that all citizens have the capacity for the same rights. It is evident that, if there is no equality of races, there is no equality before the law. This concept also assumes that Justice does not prejudge.

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