Illustration is the action and effect of illustrating (draw, decorate). The term allows naming the drawing , stamp or Recorded that decorates, documents or decorates a book . For example: “This book has a beautiful illustration of a unicorn”, “The illustrations of my last novel were made by a French artist”. “I want a book with illustrations of animals to give to my son”.
In this same sense, it should be stated that illustration is a term that is also used regularly to refer to the periodic publication that is usually composed of both text and sheets and drawings of different types.
The verb illustrate can also be used as a synonym for give light to understanding : “Thanks to the doctor, we are going to illustrate about epidemiology”, "I will illustrate them on the matter through this conference".
This use of the concept is related to the Illustration as a philosophical movement that arose in the century XVIII and was characterized by highlighting the predominance of the reason . Illustration is the name that receives this movement and the time in which it developed.
As the Age of Enlightenment, this historical stage was also referred to as, in addition to the aforementioned hallmarks, it opted to have another series of essential characteristics such as hypercriticalism, imitation, universalism and idealism.
Enlightenment thinkers believed that, through human reason, it was possible to combat ignorance and superstition. Reason would also help end tyrannies and build a better world.
The leaders of the movement felt elected to educate the people and lead the people towards a new kind of society . The Enlightenment held that the Old Regime and absolutism in general relied on the ignorance of the population to establish dominance.
Among the most important figures of that period should be highlighted, for example, Montesquieu. This is a politician and thinker who was one of the fathers of the establishment of the theory of separation of powers, which became one of the fundamental pillars of the modern rule of law.
Rousseau, who developed important republican theories, or Voltaire, manifestly against fanaticism and intolerance, were two of the most important and fundamental figures within the Enlightenment movement.
One of the main consequences of the development of the Enlightenment was the change that took place within society. Specifically, this period was establishing the end of the so-called static society and the appearance of the bourgeoisie. An estate that will be gaining more and more prominence at all levels. So much so that it will occupy important positions at the political level to the detriment of the ruling and dominant aristocracy until that moment.
It should be noted that the movement was anthropocentric (considers the human being as the center of actions), rationalist (reality is limited to sensitive experience) and pragmatic (useful is the only valid).