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The concept of image refers to the figure, representation, appearance or similarity of something . The term also mentions the visual representation of an object through techniques of photography, painting or other disciplines.

Bodily , on the other hand, comes from Latin corporalis and refers to the pertaining or relative to body. This notion (body) is linked to that which has limited extension and that is perceptible through the senses or the set of organic systems that constitute a living being.

The idea of ​​body image is usually associated with symbolic representation that one person makes his own body . It is, therefore, the way in which each subject he sees himself . For example: "I am satisfied with my body image", "Those who suffer eating disorders have a distorted body image, which does not fit reality", “I had to leave the fashion world because I couldn't stand the pressure on my body image”.

It is important to note that body image is constructed through various components. On the one hand, what the person actually sees when looking in the mirror appears. This would be the objective component , although this objectivity, in fact, is determined by the culture and the time (a body weight that is currently considered excessive, may have been acceptable and even recommended only a few decades ago).

On the other hand, body image has a strong emotional component , which is linked to how each subject processes what he observes in the mirror. In this way, a teenager with a weight Healthy can see himself out of shape, which will generate a separation between the image warned by the rest of the people and the body image he records.

The mass media are largely responsible for the absurd demands that many people impose on themselves with respect to their appearance physical. Some of the most common disorders related to the perception that human beings have of our body image are the following:

* dysmorphophobia: also called body dysmorphic disorder, generates in those who suffer a very distorted image of their own physical appearance, to the point of making them believe that they are authentic monsters, that their ugliness makes them unpleasant beings and that they could not be attractive to anyone. The consequences of this disorder are very varied, and depend on a number of factors related to the history and sensitivity of each subject, but they can become obsessed with surgeries aesthetic, to absolute seclusion and suicide;

* bulimia: It is a disease that produces regular episodes of excessive intake, without any control before the desire to continue eating, after which it is usually self-provoking vomiting or consuming laxatives so that this attack does not lead to weight gain. According to statistics, this disorder is more common in women, especially in adolescents and young people, than in men. Although the cause of bulimia is not known, it is believed that genetic, traumatic, psychological, family, cultural and Social they can influence its appearance;

* anorexia nervosa: It is an eating disorder that causes weight loss to reach levels well below what is considered healthy for the height and age of the sufferer. An anorexic person experiences a deep fear at the mere idea of ​​gaining weight, even if this could bring them back to normal. He exercise Excessive and extreme diets or food deprivation for long periods are some of the most common symptoms.

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