The word imitation It has its origin in the Latin concept imitatio and is associated with the verb imitate . The latter refers to the action that is performed trying to copy another or taking it as an example. In this sense, an imitation is a thing or an act that is responsible for copy to another, which is generally considered to be better or of more value.
When applied to a commercial product or an object, the imitation seeks to achieve a great resemblance to the original to generate confusion or foster an illusion , so that product will get an indisputable place in the market: “Those shoes are an imitation of the latest Nike model”, "The museum will exhibit an imitation of the famous sculpture of the Italian artist".
Imitation also consists in doing something in the same way that another person does, copying their style: “My uncle performs a great imitation of Charles Chaplin”, "This humorist came to fame for his imitation of Joaquín Sabina".
As defined Piaget , an imitation is a sign of the intelligence that an individual possesses. He himself carried out exhaustive studies that allowed him to divide that capacity into six stages and define the concept of sensomotor intelligence , being able to access the origin. His studies resulted in the fact that before all learning the way in which an individual acquires knowledge is through the imitation and successive repetition of such action. At the beginning it is a non-voluntary fact , which will later be analyzed, to be able to speak only then of an apprenticeship.
According to Piaget the imitation allows the person create a representation and can transform an action in a set of images in your brain that allow you to associate situations similar to that to perform a similar response .
Imitation in art
In ancient times, the concept was linked to the mimesis , which was the imitation of the natural in the field of art . Mimesis, in this sense, sought to become something that was equivalent to origin.
Aristotle He argued that there is no art that is not an imitation. Aristotelian postulates, in fact, claimed that imitation is the starting point of learning.
In regards to the poetics , there have been many theories around imitation. During the eighteenth century this term was considered fundamental together with that of versification (give the word rhythm and musicality), both were essential to talk about poetry. In the imitation not only reference was made to the reproduction of nature, but also to that of certain literary models.
With regard to the imitation of nature, it is necessary to clarify that this concept does not only have to do with the reproduction of the landscape or copy of the objects and subjects that inhabit a certain medium, but also refers to a broader concept , where the human actions seem fundamental and alter the environment .
To clearly distinguish between works of different caliber where a reproduction of nature is shown, two clear concepts were created. particular imitation and the universal imitation . The first, allows us to understand the object or action that will be represented and its consequent imitation without any adornment, as has happened ; It consists of a naturist and faithful representation. The second, on the other hand, is based on a more subjective understanding of reality, shows a vision of reality guided by the poet's perception , where the objects and subjects will be around the experience of the artist; In this case, imitation is idealizing nature.
At this point it is necessary to clarify that since the beginning of the lyric, nature has been an element or a field in which poets affirmed themselves to express their ideas, establishing comparisons with that everyday and being able to create abstract figures through it. For all this during the eighteenth century it was believed essential imitation of nature for poetry, including in it not only purely natural elements, but also the human thoughts and actions (real and fictitious) and the human world, natural and divine; considering that everything that had a spiritual and material existence entered into the concept of nature.