He impressionism is a stream art emerged in the nineteenth century, mainly linked to the painting : Impressionist painters portrayed objects according to Print that light produces in sight and not according to the supposed objective reality .
The impressionist movement developed in France and then it expanded to other European countries. By capturing the light in picture, the identity of what projected it was left aside.
Impressionism shows a preponderance of primary colors , used without mixing. Dark tones, on the other hand, are not usual. In this regard, it should be mentioned that the Impressionists postulated the principles of color contrast, which assume that each colour It is relative to the colors that surround it.
Impressionist artists, on the other hand, used to paint without intent to hide fragmented brushstrokes. In this way they demonstrate how, under certain conditions, the perspective allowed different unconnected parts to give rise to a unitary whole.
Édouard Manet , Claude Monet , Pierre-Auguste Renoir , Armand Guillaumin and Edgar Degas They are some of the greatest exponents of impressionist painting. Each one, however, maintained a style staff within the style characteristics shared by all members of the movement.
With respect to music Impressionist, it is a current also emerged in France, when the nineteenth century ended. Among the most outstanding composers of this era are Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel, both French. Centuries before the birth of the musical baroque, the music had about seven scales, which were losing importance over time, until there were simply two: higher and the less, also calls Ionic and windrespectively.
The post-Romantic period arrived and some composers, as was the case with Camille Saint-Saëns and Gabriel Fauré, they began to experiment with the forgotten scales and with one of the fundamental elements of impressionism: the ringer. His tests, however, did not exceed the limits of an adventure that began with curiosity, but had no particular purpose.
Already in the twilight of the nineteenth century, impressionism represented the complete harmonic and rhythmic level release ; Although there were rules and limits, it is an era in which it was possible to question them and look for new musical horizons. The objective of this current it was that ideas could be expressed in a not very direct way, almost as if it were a person's perception of another composition, one that would have had well-defined features.
Let's see below the characteristics Fundamentals of musical impressionism:
* plus freedom in the rhythm, offering the interpreters the possibility of modifying the duration of the notes at ease;
* the modes and there were several variations the same. Also, some modes were created during this period, as Debussy did in his piece for flute entitled Syrinx. In addition to the classics, a large number of modes that came from different cultures were used;
* experimentation at the timbral level, which represents the most remarkable aspect of this current. This resulted in the birth of sounds and effects that had never been produced by musical instruments, directly impacting the listener's sensitivity.
Impressionist composers sought to break the chains that oppressed music, which made it an object of luxury, an art for academics; they set out to release it and return the spontaneity that should characterize it, those sounds of nature that should adorn it. This does not mean that creations prior to impressionism are necessarily rigid or colorless; in addition, it should not be underestimated the importance of interpretation, which can turn a piece into something that the author himself has not imagined.