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The improvisation is the action and effect of improvising , that is to do something suddenly, without having previously prepared or without the environment waiting for it. By extension, it is known as improvisation to the improvised musical performance or performance. For example: "He guitarist surprised with a ten minute improvisation ”.

Improvising means doing some action without having planned it before. However, there are resources that artists can exploit to develop their improvisational capacity. Thus, although it appears as a kind of natural act, it can also be held or supported by a previous structure .

The exercises improvisation allow stimulate the creativity of artists and encourage an active attitude on the part of the public, which, in a way, does not know what to expect from the interpretations. Improvisation can try to be understood by the viewer or listener, or simply be received from the field of the senses.

For theater students, it is very important to prepare to cope with dexterity in any situation and with scarce scenery resources. Through improvisation it is possible to obtain the tools necessary acts to convince an audience of the presence of beings and objects that are not really in front of them.

Generally, those who use improvisation the most are the humorists. As indicated in previous paragraphs, these people usually have a set of acting resources that increase and improve over the years, which allows them to make unforeseen decisions by the public but based on a series of knowledge such as which repertoire is most effective With each type of audience.

At theater , improvisation appears as a way to save unforeseen events. If an actor forgets the script and does not know how to continue, he can use this resource to move the scene forward, trusting that his teammates will know what is happening and will contribute to it. Therefore, this practice can also strengthen teamwork.

When two or more actors are willing to improvise, they must be solidarity and take into account the individual positions of each and their roles in the work In case an actor begins to improvise without giving any foot to his partner, it will surely affect the interpretation of the other and leave him without a frame to develop his character.

For the musicians, improvisation represents a fundamental tool whose use during the study of a work can significantly improve security when interpreting it. Generally, it is considered that classical or academic music, according to the label that each one assigns, does not admit unexpected modifications and that all the pieces must be executed as indicated by the scores. On the one hand, it is unfortunate that for most artists this is the case, but on the other it is important to understand that improvising does not necessarily lead to melodic change.

When singing, for example, a good musician takes his audience along a path of emotions and sensations, which should surprise him and be interesting every time he hears the same song. This effect of being magically transported to other planes while appreciating a musical work depends on several factors, such as the sincerity with which the singer expresses himself and his ability to give importance to each word he pronounces. In the world of Opera, the public does not usually see with a good eye that a melody is altered, but that does not prevent a soprano from playing with the intensities and with the speed, as well as with gestures and body movements to renew in each presentation arias that have been printed on sheets of paper for a couple of centuries.

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