The Latin word challenge came to our language as challenge . The concept is used to refer to act and the result of contesting : object, oppose, contradict.
For example: “The Supreme Court will be in charge of analyzing the challenge presented by the national government”, “The challenge of votes generated heated debates at several tables”, “My candidacy has already overcome three challenges, I do not understand why they are relentless with me”.
In the field of right , a challenge is a procedural resource which intervenes to obtain the invalidation, revocation or modification of a judicial resolution. These changes can be analyzed by the same court that issued the resolution in question or by a higher one.
These procedural resources, therefore, are means of challenge . Although its characteristics depend on procedural law In each country, challenges can usually be brought in resolutions that are not yet firm, always within a certain period. These challenges are based on writing and are presented to the court that was responsible for issuing the decision appealed. The knowledge and judgment of the challenge may correspond, as the case may be, to the same court or to a higher court.
In electoral processes, on the other hand, the contesting a vote . When a prosecutor challenges a vote, he questions its validity based on a doubt about the identity of the voter according to the document presented.
The contested vote is left in a special envelope to be checked by a competent authority. If the challenge is accepted, the vote is not taken into account at the time of calculation .