The first step we are going to take when analyzing the term unconscious is to determine its etymological origin. In this case, we would have to expose that it emanates from Latin and more exactly from the sum of different words of that language: the prefix -in, which amounts to a denial; with, which is equivalent to "together"; the verb scire, which can be translated as "knowing", and the suffix -nte, which is a present participle.
The notion of unconscious It can be understood in different ways. For everyday language, an unconscious subject is one who He does not realize the scope of his actions . For example: “An unconscious who drove a hundred kilometers an hour in the middle of the city ran over a family and caused a tragedy”, "Don't be unconscious, how are you going to climb the mountain without the assistance of professionals?", “They always accused me of unconscious: when I was twenty years old, I sold my belongings and went to live in the middle of the forest in a tent”.
Unconscious is also the one who is deprived of sense : "The victim remains unconscious due to the strong blow he suffered in the head", "The player jumped to head and was lying on the ground, unconscious to the violence of the fall", “I was unconscious for a few minutes because of the shock, but I have already recovered”.
For him psychoanalysis , the unconscious is a repressed pulse system that do not reach the awareness despite remaining active in the subject. This means that the repressed contents found in the unconscious still have psychic effectiveness since they act through various mechanisms. The dreams and the failed acts They are manifestations of the unconscious.
It is important to establish that, throughout history, there have been many personalities who have studied and focused their research on the unconscious. Among those would highlight, without a doubt, the Austrian doctor Sigmund Freud.
He established that the mentioned unconscious had the particularity that it was internal to the subject but that he could not access it directly. Moreover, he determined that it was evident through elements such as lapses or even dreams. All this left him embodied through works such as "It, Me and Superego" and "Beyond the pleasure principle."
But there is more. Another of the illustrious minds of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries who did not hesitate to study the unconscious in depth was the Swiss physician Carl Gustav Jung. In his case, the greatest contribution he made in this regard was that he formulated the concept of collective unconscious, with which he came to define the whole set of symbols and ideas that are part of the psyche of any citizen.
On a psychological level, the unconscious is also mentioned to name the set of mental processes that are executed automatically (that is, without being consciously thought). Breathing, for example, is an unconscious action since the subject does not think every time he inhales or exhales.
He collective unconscious Finally, it refers to the common representations of a society .