The idea from incontinence refers to the absence of continence : control or moderation. The term comes from the Latin word incontinentia.
There are various types of incontinence. It refers to the verbal incontinence , to cite a case, when a person Talk more about the account or without limits or filters. For example: "For my verbal incontinence I always have problems", “The verbal incontinence of the player surprised the club leaders”, "We are on the verge of an international conflict due to the president's verbal incontinence".
The urinary incontinence on the other hand it is a pathology that appears in those individuals who they expel urine involuntarily . This disorder is due to the fact that the affected person cannot control his gallbladder.
Various reasons can cause urinary incontinence , from a psychological cause to an anatomical abnormality, through the effects of the use of drugs . Who does not manage to contain urine usually suffers psychologically from this reality, a situation that impacts their social life.
The fecal incontinence , as the name suggests, is analogous to the urinary, although in this case what is not able to control is the expulsion of feces . This incontinence may appear due to complications of a surgical intervention, a injury or a bad bowel habit.
The affective incontinence , meanwhile, is linked to the lack of control of emotions . In this way, the subject goes through attacks of laughter or crying that fails to repress or interrupt. This inconvenience is caused by neurological damage, whether due to trauma, neurodegenerative disease or another reason.
It is worth mentioning that the affective incontinence It is also known by other names, such as the following: pathological laughter and crying, involuntary emotional expression disorder, pseudobulbar condition, emotional incontinence syndrome, disorder involuntary emotional expression, pseudobulbar affection and emotional incontinence. Simply put, it is characterized by brief but intense episodes of laughter or crying that the individual cannot control.
One of the worst features of this disorder, as far as the patient's social insertion is concerned, is that there is not always a stimulus external, and that can lead to a fit of laughter in the middle of a serious or even very sad conversation, as well as a crying one when others are laughing happily, among many other combinations. Needless to say, affective incontinence can lead to many problems in the life of a person who tries to work or study, but not because of the disorder itself but because of the lack of understanding that he would receive from his environment.
In addition to not relying on external stimuli, this loss of control of emotions can also take place independently of the state of mood of the person; In other words, you can start crying despite feeling happy or laughing at a time of deep sadness. On the other hand, it can also manifest itself as a very exaggerated response to a situation: an attack of laughter or crying at a comment or a news that - in normal situations - would only cause a simple gesture.
As a statistical data, it is believed that the crying spontaneously manifests itself more frequently than laughter in patients with affective incontinence. The episodes can last from a few seconds to a few minutes, and professionals recommend waiting for them to end before resuming their normal activities, which have been interrupted by the attack. Beyond these data, it is known that the patient cannot easily control the duration of the episodes. In people with multiple sclerosis, the chances of affective incontinence are very high, with a prevalence that can reach 50 percent.