With etymological root in the Latin word I will incur, incurring is a verb which refers to foul or to fall into a fault . The term can also refer to cause a negative feeling .
For example: "I will not make the same mistake again: I already learned the lesson", “A judge cannot incur prejudices , has the obligation to analyze the facts and evidence with objectivity before issuing a resolution ”, "This doctor does not generate any confidence because I heard that he often engages in doubtful practices ...".
In incurring something, in short, a concrete error . Suppose an individual, disgusted with the government of his country, publishes a message on social networks threatening to kill the president if he does not change his policies. This publication provokes the alert of the authorities, who investigate the facts until they find the author of the threat. Once the person in charge is discovered, they stop him. The man, in this situation, says he did not intend to attack the president and affirms that he only expressed himself from anger, without any intention of expressing what was said. However, with your message committed a crime : beyond the alleged lack of desire to comply with what he wrote, he broke the law.
It should be noted that not always incurred crimes , but you can also incur an attitude or a negative action Without it being a legal offense. A person who does not know how to manage his budget can incur unnecessary expenses They end up complicating their domestic economy.
Since this verb does not have a complete meaning until it is merged with a action or a fact, it is not as easy to define as those that can denote a clear idea without the need for context (for example: sitting, walking, talking, etc.). In order to study its meaning in greater depth, we can use some of its synonyms; Among the most common are commit and influence.
In the same way that we cannot use the verb incurring alone to convey a complete message, commit It does not tell us much until we mention the action that is carried out. Anyway, as the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy indicates, it is defined as incur or fall into a fault, a guilt or a mistake; therefore, as well as the previous one, it tells us about something negative even before knowing exactly what.
If we go to influence, its definition is very similar, although it also has other different meanings; for example, it can be used as a synonym for reverberate, to talk about the effect that one thing has on another. In everyday speech, most of the time we find this verb with this meaning; however, in legal or journalistic texts, sentences such as "The individual had an offense impossible to forgive through a penalty fee ".
In addition to the newly exposed synonyms, we can cite a second list of words whose meanings are not so close to that of incurring but they can help us to clarify certain sentences or avoid redundancy when we have already used the previous ones: fall win win and deserve. In the first paragraph it is mentioned that this verb can also mean to cause a feeling negative, and this is precisely the meaning for which these four synonyms serve: "With his actions he does nothing other than Attract everyone's hatred ".
That said, it doesn't seem very easy to find antonyms for the verb incurring, since in itself it does not provide a very definite meaning. We could say that the opposite of commit a crime is make a work of good, but it would also be enough not to commit the crime.