From Latin indigenous, indigenous It's that one original of the country What is it about. The concept refers, therefore, to the native population of the territory they inhabit. For example: “This natural park is protected by the natives of the area”, “Three indigenous Chaqueños protest in front of the Government House in land claim”, “The natives only approach the town when they need to go to the hospital”.
So that one population If it is considered as indigenous, it must be able to prove that its establishment in the territory in question precedes that of other peoples (such as the case of Native Americans against Europeans or their descendants) and that their presence is stable and prolonged.
There are several concepts that, depending on the context, are used as synonyms for indigenous, such as aboriginal , native people Or until Indian (because of the confusion of Christopher Columbus when you first arrive at America ). In the most common sense, the qualification of indigenous is used in reference to ethnicities that maintain non-European cultural traditions.
In this sense, we would therefore have to refer to what is known as indigenous people of America, which, as its name indicates, is a term used to refer to the original inhabitants of that continent as well as to the whole group of His descendants. Specifically, the descendants who have opted to maintain their culture, their way of life or even their most ancient traditions.
Amerindians, Indians or Native Americans are some of those Native Americans who populated those lands and currently still exist in very specific areas of those.
Of all of them it is worth noting the following hallmarks, which show their essence, their way of being and their values:
• These indigenous people have their origin in a series of Siberian hunters who arrived in America with the clear objective of settling in a new place as a result of having lost their homes in the wake of the last glaciation.
• The discovery of America, by Christopher Columbus, was the starting point for a significant reduction of indigenous peoples. And it is that some of the colonizers not only opted for the evangelization of those but also subjected them to forced labor and made the decision to end their ways of life.
• There are diverse indigenous people who have existed and exist in the Americas. All of them differ in the way they dress, gather, talk and even interact or dance.
Indigenous peoples usually have a type of social organization prior to the modern state and belong to cultures that managed to survive the globalization which imposed the European lifestyle on almost everyone.
It is common for indigenous people to be a minority within a State national of European characteristics and that are organized according to their cultural and religious criteria.
It should be noted that certain peoples, such as the Chinese, the Arabs or the Jews, maintain cultural patterns that precede European expansion, although they are not considered indigenous.