The industrialization is the process and the result of industrialize . This verb (industrialize), meanwhile, refers to get something to be produced industrially or to give preponderance to the industry in the economy of a nation.
Before moving forward, therefore, one must focus on the idea of industry. This is the name of those operations that allow obtaining, transforming or transporting products . The concept also refers to the factory or plant which is intended for these activities and the sum of the industries of a genre, a region or a country.
Taking up the notion of industrialization, the term is usually used to mention the production on a large scale . For there to be industrialization in this regard, there must be machinery that enable such actions.
As an economic process, industrialization generates greater wealth than artisanal or small-scale production. That's why countries The most powerful are those that are industrialized: they buy raw materials at low cost and sell industrial products with added value.
In general, industrialization emerged with the advance of the technology and of science. Little by little, the human being moved away from the rural activities to assume industrial tasks, an evolution that generated social changes of enormous importance and that favored the development of capitalism .
Is called Industrial Revolution to the first major industrialization process that occurred in the world. This transformation began in the last decades of century XVIII in England and then it expanded to other countries of the European continent and to U.S , coming to an end before the middle of XIX century .