The notion of inequity refers to the absence of equity . The term equity, in turn, refers to equality or justice.
When inequality is generated, therefore, there is a situation of imbalance or lack of equanimity . By example : “A country with such inequality cannot have social peace”, “The inequality at the time of the distribution of funds caused the fury of several governors”, “There is great inequality in the workplace between men and women”.
Although inequality and inequality are often used as synonyms , and in fact so accepts the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ) in his dictionary, there are those who establish differences between both ideas.
Some thinkers link inequality and equity to moral and the ethics , leaving inequality and equality in the field of statistics. According to this position, inequality does not always equate to inequality.
Suppose a mother tells her two children that, if they try hard at school, she will give them 100 pesos each at the end of the month. One of the children study hard and get good grades; the other, prefer to rest and have fun and fail your exams. The mother, anyway, gives them the money to both. It could not be said that there is inequality because the two children received the same (100 pesos each). However, one can notice inequity : who tried hard got the same reward as the one who did not.
At the social level, inequality is usually condemned in relation to access to the rights (all people should have the same essential rights guaranteed), but inequality is accepted as a consequence of several factors: effort, training, etc.
Returning to the differences between the concepts of inequality and inequality, we refer to the RAE dictionary in search of more data to help us understand the contrast that some academics warn when comparing them. We must understand, however, that given the characteristics of our language, it often becomes necessary to use these words in the definition of the other to have a foothold even if this does not necessarily reflect that they are equivalent.
According to the SAR, therefore, the equity is the "equality in the provision in front of two or more subjects "," natural justice "and the" disposition that leads us to give each one what he deserves. "Regarding the definition of equality , it speaks of a "conformity between two things on a material level or with respect to their quality or quantity", to the "proportion and correspondence of many elements that are part of a whole in a uniform way" and to the "principle according to which all the inhabitants must have the same rights and obligations. "
As you can see, already in the roots of inequity and inequality we have this difference between "what each one deserves" and "what is considered fair for all. "We could say without stopping to think that inequality is more serious than inequality, because it seems unreasonable to allocate resources to people who have not tried hard enough or who do not deserve them for committing delectable acts. However, since Another point of view could be that the decision to deny lazy people and criminals the same rights that other people receive would be as arbitrary as granting them.
This brings us to the presence of the term natural in the aforementioned definitions. How to rate justice in this way, if we do not know the codes of the nature ? Anything that we invent human beings can seem equally capricious and arbitrary to nature, both the path of good and that of evil, because it is always about our point of view.