He adjective flammable It is used to qualify that which can ignite in a simple way and that does not take long to release flames . Due to the risk of fire, flammable products should be handled with caution.
Is called flashpoint or ignition point to the combination of the physical conditions that are required for a substance to begin to burn when it is near a source of hot and then keep the flame if said heat source is removed. If the substance has a flash point with a low temperature, it is rated as flammable.
In practice this means that the flammable elements ignite fire with relative ease. There are flammable solids , flammable liquids and flammable gases They are categorized differently according to their flash point.
It is very important to know the different flammable materials to know how to eliminate the potential risks that your handling or conservation In the case of flammable gases, for example, which are also known as combustible gasesWe have substances such as ammonia, acetylene, propane, hydrogen, methane and propylene.
One of the characteristics that flammable gases have in common is that if they are mixed with an oxidizer and provided with a source of ignition, they burn. The risk of a fire accident grows from casualties concentrations of flammable gases as they are in greater proportion with respect to the volume of the air. When the air is too rich, then the chances of ignition decrease.
If the flammable gas is in a container or in a confined space, a small proportion is enough to produce a explosion . Good ventilation reduces the risk, but does not eliminate it completely, something that we can check with the combustions that occur outdoors, both accidental and caused. It is important to note that the characteristic odor of some of the flammable gases has been contributed by artificial processes so that they can be easily identified in cases of leaks.
The fuels they are substances that, as they burn easily, are flammable. When violently oxidized, a fuel releases energy that can be used (for the operation of an engine, for example). Such combustion, of course, must be caused voluntarily and carried out in a controlled environment: otherwise, it would be an accident.
The wood it is a solid fuel; that is, a flammable solid. Many times it is used to light a fire and heat a building or maintain a certain radius at a temperature suitable for a group of people around it. However, due to its condition as a flammable material, it sometimes burns accidentally or spontaneously. That is why you must be very careful in the forests, where there are numerous trees that can burn. No one should light a fire in a wooded area as it could lead to a fire out of control.
Proper storage of a flammable material must meet certain requirements, some of which are set out below:
* the walls of a tank should never be made of flammable materials, so that they can insulate a potential fire;
* for the roof, clay tiles are not recommended, but fresh and light materials;
* the most suitable doors are the metallic ones that open towards the outside;
* the correct ventilation it is essential, as well as to prevent sunlight from directly affecting, rainwater seeping and mechanical damage;
* It is important to clearly identify the storage area with easy-to-read signs. In addition, access must be exclusive for trained personnel.