The Latin word infractive came to our language as infringement . The term refers to the violation of a rule or agreement .
For example: “Yesterday I received a speeding violation”, "The restaurant was closed for repeated violations of bromatology regulations", “Violations of the commercial loyalty law are quite common”.
When someone does not meet a rule , commits a violation. This breach usually motivates some kind of sanction by the competent authorities.
Assume that, in a given city , there is a regulation that forces restaurants to display their menus at the door with the prices of each dish. In this way, the client can analyze the offer of the establishment before entering. If a restaurant does not present the menu with prices at the entrance, it commits an infraction and is fined.
In the field of sport , an infraction is a lack : that is, a violation of the regulation. The concept is usually associated with a knock that is tipped to an opponent: "The defender committed an obvious infraction in his own area and the referee did not hesitate to sanction the penalty", "The Chicago Bulls forward was preparing to score a double when he received a hard infraction that caused his left wrist injury", "The local team was penalized eight infractions in the first half".
The traffic violations Meanwhile, they are common throughout the world. Many motorists violate road rules, whether driving at high speed, not respecting the traffic lights or parking in places not allowed, so they must pay fines.