The dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ) mentions as the first meaning of the term wingspan to distance which is registered between extremes of the two wings of an airplane . The concept also refers to width existing between the tips of the wings of animals and the width of the main candle of a ship The notion derives from cock , a word that, among other uses, refers to a stick.
The largest aircraft of the entire history , which reached 97.54 meters, is the Hughes H-4 Hercules , a seaplane that designed and manufactured Hughes Aircraft . This plane made a single experimental flight of less than two kilometers.
Another name by which the Hughes H-4 Hercules is Spruce Goose , which means "goose of fir tree "The owner of the company that built it was Howard Hughes , a businessman who took advantage of his fortune to venture into self-taught engineering, in addition to other fields such as aviation and film direction. The wingspan was not its only outstanding point, since the H-4 is the largest hydroplane in history.
It all started in 1942, when the North American Department of Defense had to face the impossibility of moving personnel and war material to the United Kingdom, since German submarines attacked allied ships traveling through the Atlantic Ocean, which resulted in significant losses for the country. For this reason, the perfect solution seemed to be an airplane capable of supporting the trip And the load.
Thus began the program called Liberty ships, coordinated by Henry J. Kaiser , the inventor of the H-4, who worked in the company of Howard Hughes with the aim of building a ship capable of transporting 750 soldiers along with two war tanks, which is why the wingspan was so extensive.
This seaplane had eight engines and was built mainly in wood, instead of metal, something that aroused very negative criticism from some experts who already suspected what would eventually happen: draft It would be a failure.
The largest aircraft of those currently active is the Antonov An-225 Mriya , belonging to Antonov Airlines . This vehicle is used for transport of heavy loads.
The Antonov An-225 Mriya was created in the Soviet Union in the 1980s and not only holds the title of the largest but also the heaviest in the world, as well as the most aerodyne (weighs more than air but can be sustained by their own means). It was designed to transport the Burán ferry, among other elements of the large space program and succeeded the room airplane largest of those currently operating, the Antónov An-124 Ruslán .
The first unit saw the light in 1988, and the second did not finish being built. Only in 2016 they reactivated the project to manufacture more airplanes through an agreement between China and Ukraine.
Between the animals , he wandering albatross (also know as traveler albatross ), whose scientific name is Diomedea exulans , is the current bird with greater wingspan. A distance of 3.7 meters between the wings of a specimen of this species has been recorded.
It is also called the spread of the arms of a person when they are fully extended in cross .
At language colloquial, finally, it is called the wingspan magnitude wave transcendence Of something. For example: “The national government is developing large-scale works that will change people's lives forever”, "The coach plans to hire two major reinforcements for the next tournament", "The scientists made a discovery of an unprecedented size".