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From Latin etymology, which in turn has its origin in a Greek word, the etymology is a linguistic specialty what he studies origin of the words when considering its existence, significance and form.

Specifically, the etymology analyzes how a word is incorporated into a language, what is its source and how its forms and meanings vary with the passage of weather. The comparative linguistics It allows us to reconstruct the history of those ancient languages ​​that left no direct records, such as written texts, for example. The etymology, in these cases, is based on the knowledge provided by comparative linguistics to infer questions related to vocabulary.

By studying the etymology, it is possible to increase understanding of the precise meaning of words, expand our vocabulary and improve spelling. It is important to keep in mind that tongues they live an inevitable evolution, which leads to the words undergo modifications and adapt to each historical moment in which they are used; It should be noted that these changes are not always positive or constructive. The meaning that a word had a century ago may be very different from what it currently has, and the same may occur in the future, until the term, for certain reasons, ceases to be considered valid or necessary for communication.

Etymological studies indicate that the Spanish It is a Romance language (a series of Indo-European languages ​​that derive from vulgar Latin) and that its promoters were the Romans around the year 200 B.C. The words of Castilian, however, have different sources; we have terms that come from Arabic ("hopefully"), Catalan ("Paella"), Greek ("Athletics"), French ("pants"), English ("Leader"), among many other languages. These are terms that were adapted by the Spanish language to make them their own.

The etymology of words hides stories and secrets that help strengthen the bonds that exist, or should exist, between the person and the language. Many times, in their family trees there are very revealing surprises, at least for people who have never approached a language at this intimate level; for example, discovering that numerous terms of English come from Latin, it is curious at first, especially considering the differences in orthography, phonetics and intonation that at a glance separate this language from Spanish or Italian.

The English term accurateFor example, it means accurate, worked very carefully, well finished, accurate, rigorous; At first glance, taking the Castilian words given to define it, it seems that it had no relation to our language, which we know is closely related to Latin. However, in its etymology we find the Latin term accuratus, which is very little from the first and has a meaning practically the same

With respect to the benefits that the study of etymology can offer a person, regardless of the mere pleasure of being acquiring a deep knowledge of a language, be it their own or a foreign one, there is an indelible and incomparable impact on knowing the past, the origin of a term, the stories He has lived and the many lands he has visited until he reaches our vocabulary today. This affects our responsibility as users of words; Once this information is acquired, we can no longer treat language as a random combination of letters and sounds, but we must respect it as an invaluable legacy that humanity has sculpted for centuries.

Somehow, as well as reviewing the family tree of people is fascinating to many, there is a similar feeling when looking for the background of words, a thirst to reveal their past and understand why they have that morphology, those sounds, to finally understand that they have not been capriciously assigned.

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