The notion of butter You can refer to different products. The first meaning that mentions the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ) in your dictionary refers to the substance that is obtained beating, kneading and then letting the cream that is extracted from milk ripen .
The butter, known as Butter in some regions, it is an emulsion consumed by the human being in multiple ways It can be spread on bread or cookies or used in the preparation of cakes and cakes, to mention some of the many possibilities.
One of the characteristics that butter provides to food is softness, either when it is used so that the paste does not stick or when it is incorporated into the preparation of a dough to give it a creamy and fluffy consistency. There is a clear difference between a dough prepared simply with flour and water and one that also has butter; In general, the former is used in savory dishes such as pizza or bread, while the latter is more typical of sweets or certain more elaborate salted cakes, such as empanadas.
The use of butter is also possible when preparing a sauce or a stir-fry, both in place of the oil and to complement it. For example, if we sauté garlic, onion, red pepper and mushrooms only with oil, the result is less homogeneous although perfectly suitable for use as a dough cover; If we only add a spoonful of butter when the ingredients have already softened, we will obtain a creamier and thicker consistency, more similar to a sauce than to a conventional stir-fry.
The cream (cream) and milk present butterfat in the form of globules, which are surrounded by membranes composed of proteins and phospholipids. When the cream is shaken, these membranes break and the fats gather in a single mass, separating themselves from other elements.
It is also known as butter fat of certain animals and fruits . The lard , which is obtained from the peritoneum or belly of the pig, is used for frying and as an ingredient. The cocoa butter , meanwhile, is a grease which comes from cocoa, which is extracted in the framework of the chocolate making process.
The peanut butter or peanut butter On the other hand, it is a paste that is made by processing roasted peanuts until it is well ground. Many times other ingredients are added, such as vanilla or chocolate
Unlike milk butter, peanut butter is usually used on its own, also to spread bread or elaboration of sweet and sour cakes, but does not require sugar or other ingredients that are common with the first. For example, at breakfast it is common to prepare slices of bread with butter or white or black sugar, jam or dulce de leche, while if we use peanut butter it is not necessary to add anything.
The vegetable shortening finally it is a oil of plant origin that, through a process of hydrogenation , solidifies. Its color and aroma are neutral. This represents an alternative to milk butter than vegans and strict vegetarians, those who refuse to consume products of animal origin.
With vegetable shortening, one of whose versions are made from olive oil, it is possible to reproduce any dish that uses milk, although the results are not always equivalent. Despite this, the vegans They use it to spread toast, to accompany pasta and even to prepare doughs such as puff pastry.