The word of the Byzantine Greek monachós, which can be translated as "single" , derived in late Latin monăchus, which in the ancient Occitan became monge. In our language, a monk is an individual who resides in a monastery and that belongs to a religious order .
Monks are subjects who can live alone or in community with other monks. Is about people who opt for asceticism , moving away from worldly life and material objects to focus on prayer.
It is usually linked to monks with the Christianity . However, the concept can also be used with respect to ascetics professed by others. religions and creeds.
The first Christian monks were religious who, especially from the 3rd century , they made the decision to move away from the most populated areas to devote themselves to God . Thus they settled in caves and desert regions to pray and meditate, adopting vows of poverty and chastity.
There are monks who never leave the monastery and have no contact with anyone from abroad: these are called closing monks . Once they enter the order and join the monastic life, they accept the obligation not to leave the building. Those who are not part of the order , meanwhile, they are prohibited from entering the place where these monks are.
It should be noted that, beyond Christianity, we can find Buddhist monks , Hindu monks and Taoist monks , among many others. Each group assumes its own obligations and its mandates according to their beliefs.