First, before analyzing the meaning of the term memory that concerns us now, what we are going to do is determine the etymological origin of this word. In doing so we discover that it emanates from Latin, and more exactly from the word I will remember, which was composed of the prefix re-, which is equivalent to “again”, and cordis, which is synonymous with heart.
A memory is the memory which is made of something that has already happened or what has already been said. The term is also used to name the notice or comment about the past . For example: “I always have my grandmother in my memory”, "Sorry to disappoint you, but I don't remember that situation", "The people always keep their heroes in memory".
The memory, therefore, is associated with a brain function (resulting from synaptic connections between neurons) and a psychic faculty (the ability to retain the past ).
Thanks to the ability to contemplate the past, the human being is able to plan the future . Memories may be linked to the short term memory or to the long term memory . Animals, on the other hand, can only remember from their present needs.
When a person He has trouble keeping memories. He is said to suffer from memory disorders. The absence of memories, whether temporary, permanent, partial or total, is called amnesia . Other disorders are the hypomnesia (decreased memory capacity), the hypermnesia (increased memory capacity) and dysmnesia (quantitative alteration of memory).
In the same way, we cannot ignore another disease that is closely associated with memories. It is Alzheimer's, a neurodegenerative pathology that causes people who suffer from it to lose their memory, because the nerve cells are dying and, therefore, what would be the atrophy of certain parts of the brain.
Thus, those who have this disease do not remember things in their lives, they are not able to recognize their relatives, they find themselves with the fact that they do not know how to perform day-to-day tasks that before they were sick they did ...
The concept of memory is also used to name the object that is given as a symbol of affection or to the thing that is preserved to remind a person or an event : “I brought you a souvenir from Brazil”, “Before leaving, I want to stop by the souvenir shop to buy something for my aunt”, “That ring is a very important memory for me since it belonged to my father”.
In addition to all this, it is interesting that we know that there is a monument in the world that is very much in relation to the word we are now analyzing. This is the so-called Forest of Remembrance, which is located in the famous Retiro Park in Madrid. It was also known at the time as Forest of the Absent and it was decided to put it on its feet in the wake of the attack of March 11, 2004 in which terrorist bombs put on trains killed 192 people. And that is a tribute to all these.