The reform process and its result are called reform . The verb to reform, for its part, is linked to forming something again or modifying it.
A political reform therefore it is a change in organizational structure from a country or region. Remember that the politics It is associated with the exercise of power and decision making in pursuit of certain objectives.
What a political reform does is alter the characteristics of a certain regime or organization. It is not a revolution : that is, the current order is not replaced by a different one. The purpose of the political reform is to correct or improve certain mechanisms of the governmental sphere or of the public administration.
All the innovations of the political reform are given within the framework of the social system already established and without contradicting what the institutions set. The groups that hold the power they usually accept a political reform to prevent social pressure from resulting in a revolution or a violent revolt that causes them to lose their privileged position .
In other words, there are sectors that prefer to accept or promote political reform and give up some power to defend their position and risk losing everything through a violent and unpredictable process.
When it comes to being able to carry out a political reform, each country establishes a series of guidelines and principles regarding majorities and processes that must be complied with. However, it is vital that in any of the actions of this type that you wish to undertake, several elements are taken into account, such as these:
-The first thing is that the parties that shape the government debate about it and establish that it is time to carry it out.
-In the same way, it is vital that the support that is going to be needed and the approval system to be undertaken be clear.
-Also, it is necessary to establish a definite, clear and exhaustive project that proposes the reform that is going to be carried out, to which law it will affect, what objectives are intended to be achieved by carrying it out and why it is necessary to proceed to undertake it.
The measures that are developed within the framework of a political reform respect the essence of the institutions and do not cause a break in the established order. It should be noted, however, that their effects They can be important and generate a relevant change in political life.
In Spain, for example, in 1976, after a relevant referendum, the approval of what he called the Law for Political Reform was carried out (Law 1/1977, of January 4). This, which achieved just over 94% of the votes in favor, was the last of the fundamental laws of the Franco regime. If it has stood out especially in history, it is because it was the one that allowed the first steps towards the Transition to begin, the period that managed to leave behind a dictatorship and initiate a democratic stage for all citizens.