Saying is a word with an etymological origin that refers us to the French language and the word refrain. It is a short sentence , whose use is shared by a community, which promotes reflection, transmits a teaching or serves as an example.
Sayings are frequent in the speak everyday , Unlike the proverbs and of the aphorisms , which are expressions of similar characteristics. All these sentences are part of the group of paremias.
The main characteristic of a saying is that it arises from the experience . Through its expression, an action can be explained or advice given. That is why it can be said that sayings have an instructive purpose.
These councils are forged and shared socially with the passage of weather , from the experience of a community. In this way the sayings are part of the cultural heritage from the people. They do not arise from the inventiveness of a single person, but are built and installed collectively. In fact, the sayings are anonymous (its author is unknown).
To all this we must add another important feature about the sayings and that is, with few exceptions, most of them have been passed down from generation to generation through what is oral language. And we have all known, assimilated and used since we have heard from our parents, grandparents, great grandparents ...
The collection of sayings is known as proverb . When a proverb is edited, the sayings go from speech to the printed word.
It is considered that one of the richest and widest refraneros in the world is Spanish, since it is determined that it is composed of more than 100,000 different sayings. An amount that comes to demonstrate the value and importance of oral tradition in that language. However, among the best known are some such as the following:
-"A good listener, few words are enough".
-"A god begging and with the hammer giving".
- "We were few and gave birth to grandmother."
- "Raise crows and they'll take your eyes out."
-"Tell me who your friends are and I'll tell you who you are".
- "He who has a sponsor is baptized."
-"Every cloud has a silver lining".
- "Barking dog, little biting".
-"The avarice breaks the bag".
-"A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush".
Precisely all those and many more are included, for example, in the book "Spanish Proverb." A work done in 2001 by Berta Pallares and María Josefa Canellada, in which they not only present us with the most popular and used sayings, as well as an orderly classification of these, but also their origin or even their meaning.
"A gift horse in the teeth not look" is a example of saying. The phrase is linked to the traditional custom of observing the teeth of the animal before buying it to know its age and health conditions. If he "horse" It is not a purchase but it is a gift, "You don't look at his teeth": accepted as is, without criticism.