The Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ) does not recognize the concept of resocialization . It does include in its dictionary, instead, the word socialization As the process and the result of socializing (the promotion of conditions that contribute to the development of people).
If we consider the inclusion of the prefix re- , we can affirm that resocialization consists in socialize again . The idea refers to the reinstatement of an individual from the society , after he was marginalized for some reason.
Society is generally understood as a net in which a group of people is framed. It is said, in this sense, that a subject is marginalized from society when he does not have the resources or capabilities to perform autonomously in the community, lacks access to public services, etc. It is also understood that a person is out of society when attempt against the common good or does not share its values .
Resocialization, in short, is the process that seeks for a person to reintegrate into society. Those who were convicted of a crime and were deprived of their freedom as a punishment, they must go through various stages of resocialization in order to be included again in the system.
It is assumed, in this way, that the permanence of an individual in a jail be part of a resocialization process . In the first instance, the convicted person is punished and separated from society. Some time later, however, he will have to reintegrate. Those responsible for the penitentiary center, therefore, must perform a series of functions that include psychological assistance and training for the inmate, upon recovering freedom , can develop and not again be a dangerous component of society.
It is curious that the custodial sentence continues to be the penalty par excellence against any person who violates the laws despite the fact that in most countries the general perception points to the prison system does not work properlyIt does not offer a true solution to crime or provide useful opportunities for prisoners to re-enter the system Once they have served their sentence.
The assistance Psychological in prison is critical, since many of the inmates have very delicate emotional backgrounds for one of the following reasons, among many others: they come from families where they have always felt displaced and unloved; they have had to leave their country forcibly due to lack of opportunities; suffer discrimination based on ethnicity; they have lived on the street for a long time; They do not have enough training to access a good job and that pushes them to suffer all kinds of labor abuse.
Being locked in a cell, deprived of the freedom to leave the building to do shopping, watch a movie or read a book in the park it is much harder to overcome than is perceived from the outside; Like many other things in life, we don't value freedom enough until we lose it. When there are psychological problems that prevent the correct and healthy developing In society, being forced to share a small space for months or years is not exactly a tempting dish.
Among the problems that must be addressed by prison psychologists are suicide attempts, which often begin by believing that once the confinement period is over there will be no future . Let us not forget that many individuals lose their job, their home and their relationships when they are sentenced to prison, so the resocialization process must focus largely on preventing these events from preventing them get up and move on with their lives .