Restitution It is a term with etymological root in Latin restorative. Its about process and the result of restitution (put something in it state in which he was previously, return one thing to his owner, make an individual return to his place of origin).
For example: "The government will promote a law for the restitution of land to native peoples", "The restitution of the mayor was challenged by all sectors of the opposition", "The judge must decide in the next few days about the possible return of the child to his family".
The idea of restitution is usually used with respect to a return . If we take the above examples, a law to restore land to aboriginal peoples would mean that the ownership of certain lands returned to their original owners. The restitution of the mayor, meanwhile, implies that the president regain his position, while the return of a minor to his family means that the child returns to live with his relatives.
It is known that many aboriginal peoples have suffered and continue to suffer a deep contempt from the governments that claim to be the current owners of their territories . Unhappy with erecting cultures that learn to make fun of the history of others, the authorities carry out all kinds of abusive measures to strip these people of their lands, using force if they deem it necessary. The differences in number and preparation for the armed confrontation (it is worth mentioning that Aboriginal people are not usually in favor of using force before the word) lead to an inevitable failure, despite the efforts of some to achieve the definitive restitution of their land.
The concept of restitution is frequently used when referring to the recovery of identity . In Argentina, during the last military dictatorship (1973-1983) there were thousands of babies born when their mothers were kidnapped and illegally detained. These children were stolen from their mothers and given to other families, usually without knowing their true identity. In this way, human rights organizations talk about the identity restitution when one of these people (now adults) is identified and contacted by their blood relatives.
Another area in which the word restitution is used is the photogrammetry , a technique which is used to determine the spatial situations and geometric properties of objects that have been photographed. Among the fields in which photogrammetry is applied are cartography, architecture, agronomy, archeology and disaster reconstruction by security forces. When two photographs are used per area, it is possible to take advantage of the principles of stereoscopy to have a more accurate notion of the depth and dimensions of the elements.
Ferdinand II of Habsburg was an important figure of the history , and in his short life (1578 to 1637) he held more than one royal position: he was Archduke of Austria, King of Hungary and Emperor of the Holy Germanic Empire. After the Augsburg Peace , also known as Peace of religions, a treaty that tried to solve the conflict of the protestant reform, Fernando II decided to promulgate the Edict of the Restitution, since it had not been comfortable with the amount of lands that it had obtained for its regime.
By saying edict it became illegal to secularize ecclesiastical lands and it was demanded that those that had been secularized since 1552 should be restored. Similarly, he denied legal protection to Calvinists. While the Princes agreed with much of this decree, they doubted its legitimacy, and believed that it was a step towards absolute monarchy by Ferdinand II.